Is physical activity associated with low-risk health behaviours among 15-year-old adolescents in Finland?
Vuori, M., Kannas, L., Villberg, J., Ojala, K., Tynjälä, J., & Välimaa, R. (2012). Is physical activity associated with low-risk health behaviours among 15-year-old adolescents in Finland?. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 40 (1), 61-68. doi:10.1177/1403494811423429
Published inScandinavian Journal of Public Health
© the Nordic Societies of Public Health, 2012.
Aims: To investigate the associations between physical activity and the pattern of risk health behaviour consisting of smoking, alcohol consumption, snuff (snus), cannabis and condom use among 15-year-old adolescents, taking their educational aspirations and family affluence into account. Methods: The data were collected in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Finland in 2006. Standardised questionnaires were issued at schools to a 15-year-old nationally representative sample, of which 84.5% (1710 pupils) participated. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the associations between physical activity, pattern of risk health behaviour, family affluence and educational aspirations. Separate models for daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) were tested. Multi-level analysis was performed in order to control the nested characteristics of the data. Results: Boys were significantly more physically active, and used alcohol, cannabis and snuff more often than girls. Girls had used a condom in their last intercourse less often than boys. The educational aspirations for higher education had the strongest association with the low risk health behaviour, with the odds ratios in the MVPA model 3.30 (2.41–4.55) for the boys and 3.46 (2.56–4.67) for the girls. In the LTPA model, the corresponding odds ratios were 3.31 (2.40–4.56) for the boys and 3.52 (2.60–4.56) for the girls. Conclusions: Physical activity was not significantly associated with the low risk health behaviour, whereas educational aspirations for higher education showed the strongest association. The results support the earlier studies indicating a social gradient in health related behaviour already in adolescence. ...
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