A Coupled Oscillator Model of Interactive Tapping
Background: Synchronization in music has been a popular experimental basis for studying social interactions, as musicians are required to synchronize to each other’s beats and integrate abstract social information in order to coordinate their actions as part of a non-verbal communication process. A finger-tapping paradigm has been used in studies of sensorimotor synchronization as well as coordination dynamics within and between people (Repp 2005). Recent models of tapping dynamics have included two error-correction mechanisms: phase and period correction (Repp & Keller). They have generally been linear models, which are oversimplifications of these dynamics. Aims: To model the dynamics capturing entrainment between pairs in a finger-tapping paradigm. Method: Pairs of subjects were asked to tap on their respective keyboards following an 8-beat auditory stimulus sent through their headphones. Subjects were instructed to keep the given beat as precisely as possible as well as synchronize with the ‘other’. They were in scenarios where they received auditory feedback of themselves tapping, the other, or the computer metronome. Results: A dynamical systems approach was taken to model the tapping dynamics, using a system of two oscillators coupled in both phase and frequency, corresponding to phase and period correction. The model demonstrated that the tapping dynamics depend on the four coupling constants (phase and frequency for each oscillator), and are highly sensitive to noise. Conclusions: Both phase and frequency coupling is required to capture the tapping dynamics of dyads. Coupling constants can be used to capture the degree of interaction. ...
ConferenceESCOM 2009 : 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music
MetadataShow full item record
- ESCOM 2009 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Data-driven interactive multiobjective optimization using cluster based surrogate in discrete decision space Malmberg, Jose (2018)Tutkielma esittää klusteripohjaisen sijaismallin diskreetin päätöksentekoavaruuden dimension pienentämiseksi ja lineaaristen kokonaislukuoptimointitehtävien yksinkertaistamiseksi. Sijaismalli on suunnattu erityisesti ...
Tyrväinen, Heli; Uotinen, Sanna; Valkonen, Leena (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2021)Synchronous online learning platforms have been used actively during the COVID-19 period. They have opened possibilities for online learning and interaction, but have also posed new challenges for instructors. This article ...
Piirainen-Marsh, Arja; Lilja, Niina (Wiley, 2022)
Coordinating action in technology-supported shared tasks : Virtual pointing as a situated practice for mobilizing a response Olbertz-Siitonen, Margarethe; Piirainen-Marsh, Arja (Elsevier, 2021)Drawing on recordings of remote screen-based work meetings in Finland, this conversation analytic study investigates interactive properties of mouse cursor movements in technology-mediated shared tasks. The article illustrates ...
Bodily Practices in Action Formation and Ascription in Multilingual Interaction : Introduction to the Special Issue Piirainen-Marsh, Arja; Lilja, Niina; Wind Eskildsen, Søren (University of Copenhagen, 2022)This special issue brings together empirical studies that investigate how bodily practices feature in action formation and action ascription in multilingual interaction (Schegloff, 2007; Levinson, 2013). Grounded in ...