Personal stigma and use of mental health services among people with depression in a general population in Finland

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Show simple item record Aromaa, Esa Tolvanen, Asko Tuulari, Jyrki Wahlbeck, Kristian 2012-02-08T10:21:41Z 2012-02-08T10:21:41Z 2011
dc.identifier.citation Aromaa, E., Tolvanen, A., Tuulari, J. & Wahlbeck, K. (2011). Personal stigma and use of mental health services among people with depression in a general population in Finland. BMC psychiatry, 11 (52). doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-52
dc.identifier.issn 1471-244X
dc.description.abstract Background - A minority of people suffering from depression seek professional help for themselves. Stigmatizing attitudes are assumed to be one of the major barriers to help seeking but there is only limited evidence of this in large general population data sets. The aim of this study was to analyze the associations between mental health attitude statements and depression and their links to actual use of mental health services among those with depression. Methods - We used a large cross-sectional data set from a Finnish population survey (N = 5160). Attitudes were measured by scales which measured the belief that people with depression are responsible for their illness and their recovery and attitudes towards antidepressants. Desire for social distance was measured by a scale and depression with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Form (CIDI-SF) instrument. Use of mental health services was measured by self-report. Results - On the social discrimination scale, people with depression showed more social tolerance towards people with mental problems. They also carried more positive views about antidepressants. Among those with depression, users of mental health services, as compared to non-users, carried less desire for social distance to people with mental health problems and more positive views about the effects of antidepressants. More severe depression predicted more active use of services. Conclusions - Although stronger discriminative intentions can reduce the use of mental health services, this does not necessarily prevent professional service use if depression is serious and views about antidepressant medication are realistic. fi
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC psychiatry
dc.rights © 2011 Aromaa et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights openAccess fi
dc.subject.other depression en
dc.subject.other mental health services en
dc.subject.other masennus fi
dc.subject.other mielenterveyspalvelut fi
dc.subject.other stigma
dc.title Personal stigma and use of mental health services among people with depression in a general population in Finland
dc.type Article
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201202081144
dc.subject.kota 515
dc.contributor.laitos Psykologian laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Psychology en
dc.identifier.doi doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-52
dc.description.version Publisher's PDF
dc.type.coar journal article
dc.description.reviewstatus peerReviewed
dc.relation.issn 1471-244X
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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