The resilience of rural Ethiopian livelihoods : a case study from Hararghe zone, Eastern Ethiopia

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Show simple item record Niemistö, Nelli 2012-01-16T17:28:22Z 2012-01-16T17:28:22Z 2011
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this thesis was to examine the resilience and sustainability of rural Ethiopian livelihoods. The resilience and sustainability of livelihoods were studied in framework of food security. Preventing, coping and recovering from the shocks and stresses, in this case from drought and food insecurity, form an essential part of resilience and sustainability and therefore preventing and coping strategies were emphasized in this study. Also the effectiveness of the external aid was touched in empirical data because of its essential existence in the studied villages. The empirical data was gathered by interviewing people living in six rural villages in Hararghe zone, Eastern Ethiopia. In total, 12 interviews were executed. Semi-structured group interviews were used as the main data collection method and the findings were analyzed with qualitative methods; coding and finding themes from the data. The villagers were selected to be the key informants because the study is based on sustainable livelihoods thinking which emphasizes bottom-up approach and gives voice to local people. The results showed that resilience and sustainability in studied villages were low and fragile because of the severe shortage of water and lack of financial support. Difficult climatic conditions caused negative relations between ecological and economic sustainability. The villages have not been able to recover from the drought and are currently using the coping and preventing strategies to survive. From the results it could be also concluded that forms of external aid should be credit- or development based instead of temporary food aid.
dc.format.extent 77 sivua
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited. en
dc.rights Julkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty. fi
dc.rights openAccess fi
dc.subject.other resilience
dc.subject.other sustainable livelihoods
dc.subject.other coping strategies
dc.subject.other rural areas
dc.subject.other Ethiopia
dc.title The resilience of rural Ethiopian livelihoods : a case study from Hararghe zone, Eastern Ethiopia
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201201161033
dc.subject.ysa maaseutu
dc.subject.ysa elinkeinot
dc.subject.ysa Etiopia
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Social Sciences en
dc.contributor.laitos yhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitos fi
dc.contributor.laitos Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine kansainvälinen kehitystyö (maisteriohjelma) fi
dc.contributor.oppiaine Master's Degree Programme in Development and International Cooperation en 2012-01-16T17:28:22Z

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