Impact of psychic distance to the internationalization behavior of knowledge-intensive SMEs

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dc.contributor.author Ojala, Arto
dc.contributor.author Tyrväinen, Pasi
dc.date.accessioned 2011-11-11T13:25:44Z
dc.date.available 2011-11-11T13:25:44Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Ojala, A. & Tyrväinen, P. (2009). Impact of psychic distance to the internationalization behavior of knowledge-intensive SMEs. European Business Review, 21 (3), 263-277.
dc.identifier.other TUTKAID_35650
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/36934
dc.description.abstract Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the internationalization behavior of knowledge-intensive small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) by using macro-level psychic distance indicators and managers' perceptions of psychic distance. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses both quantitative and qualitative approaches. In the quantitative approach, the impact of psychic distance to the internationalization behavior is analyzed by using bivariate correlation analysis. The qualitative case study approach is employed to investigate managers' perceptions of psychic distance as regards market entries. Findings: Findings of this study indicate that psychic distance has an impact on the market entry of knowledge-intensive SMEs. However, there are other factors, such as market size, opportunity seeking behavior, and actions taken by managers, which make the effect of psychic distance less visible in macro-level quantitative analyzes. Research limitations/implications: This study is limited by small sample size in both quantitative and qualitative studies. However, the findings offer interesting insights for further studies related to this phenomenon. Originality/value: This study compares macro-level and individual-level analyses of psychic distance and indicates reasons why psychic distance should be analyzed with the help of individual-level perceptions of psychic distance. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Emerald
dc.relation.ispartof European Business Review
dc.rights © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. This is an electronic final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published in European Business Review by Emerald.
dc.subject.other small to medium-sized enterprises en
dc.subject.other knowledge organizations en
dc.subject.other globalization en
dc.subject.other Japan en
dc.subject.other pienet ja keskisuuret yritykset fi
dc.subject.other globalisaatio fi
dc.subject.other tietoyritykset fi
dc.title Impact of psychic distance to the internationalization behavior of knowledge-intensive SMEs
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2011111111668
dc.subject.kota 512
dc.contributor.laitos Tietotekniikan tutkimusinstituutti fi
jyx.tutka.volyme 21
jyx.tutka.mnumber 3
jyx.tutka.pagetopage 263-277
dc.type.uri http://purl.org/eprint/type/SubmittedJournalArticle
dc.identifier.doi doi:10.1108/09555340910956649
dc.date.updated 2011-11-11T04:30:20Z
eprint.status http://purl.org/eprint/type/status/PeerReviewed
eprint.status Final draft

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