Expectancy in Sami Yoiks revisited: The role of data-driven and schema-driven knowledge in the formation of melodic expectations

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dc.contributor.author Eerola, Tuomas
dc.contributor.author Louhivuori, Jukka
dc.contributor.author Lebaka, Edward
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-21T13:12:17Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-21T13:12:17Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Eerola, T., Louhivuori, J. & Lebaka, E. (2009). Expectancy in Sami Yoiks revisited: The role of data-driven and schema-driven knowledge in the formation of melodic expectations. Musicae Scientiae 13(2), 231-272.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/22610
dc.description.abstract This study extends a previous study concerning melodic expectations in North Sami yoiks (Krumhansl et al., 2000) in which a comparison between expert and non-expert listeners demonstrated the existence of a core set of principles governing melodic expectancies. The previous findings are reconsidered using non-Western listeners (traditional healers from South Africa) in a modeling investigation. Comparison of different models made it possible to separate the role of data-driven and schema-driven models in melodic expectancies and to reveal any possible Western bias in previous studies. The results of the experiment, in which African listeners rated the fitness of probe-tones as continuations of North Sami yoik excerpts, indicated that data-driven models are adequate in explaining the expectancies, regardless of the cultural background of the listeners. The frequency-based models exerted more influence on listeners unfamiliar with the yoik style, the Western schematic model had most impact on Western listeners, and the style-specific models carried most predictive power for those listeners who possessed knowledge about yoiks. en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.subject.other music cognition en
dc.subject.other melodic expectancy en
dc.subject.other auditory model en
dc.subject.other cross-cultural en
dc.subject.other statistical learning en
dc.subject.other expectation en
dc.title Expectancy in Sami Yoiks revisited: The role of data-driven and schema-driven knowledge in the formation of melodic expectations en
dc.type Article en

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