(Re)Defining Freedom of Speech : Language Policy, Education, and Linguistic Rights in the United States

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dc.contributor.author Johnson, Eric J.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-17T06:43:02Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-17T06:43:02Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Johnson, E. J. (2009). (Re)Defining Freedom of Speech: Language Policy, Education, and Linguistic Rights in the United States. Apples – Journal of Applied Language Studies, Volume 3 (1), pp. 3-23. Retrieved from http://apples.jyu.fi
dc.identifier.issn 1457-9863
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/21860
dc.description.abstract In the United States, the current sociopolitical environment has produced a barrage of policies aimed at curbing the use of languages other than English. From a language ideologies perspective (Schieffelin et al. 1998), this discussion outlines the political architecture of anti-immigrant policies as they are realized in public classrooms. Schools are readily accessible to policymakers and effectively used in the process of instilling socially desired qualities while simultaneously filtering out unwelcome characteristics. As the largest minority group in the United States, the children of Latino immigrants have been especially affected by educational language policies. By tracing out the underlying impetus behind federal and state language policies, I demonstrate how immigration, language, and ethnicity are conflated in the process of developing policies that aim to homogenize and repress cultural diversity. Focusing on language policies across multiple levels of government demonstrates the complexity involved the development and implementation of programs that service immigrant and language-minority communities. It is argued that the fundamental lack of cultural and linguistic sensitivity that spans English-only policies constitutes a coherent effort to interrupt the processes of heritage-culture transmission to language-minority students. In this context, the adverse effects of subtractive language policies targeted at minority communities become apparent as they extend from the classroom to a variety of other social contexts. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Centre for Applied Language Studies at the University of Jyväskylä
dc.relation.ispartofseries Apples - Journal of Applied Language Studies
dc.relation.uri http://apples.jyu.fi
dc.subject.other kielipolitiikka en
dc.subject.other kielelliset vähemmistöt en
dc.subject.other kielelliset oikeudet en
dc.subject.other koulutus en
dc.subject.other Yhdysvallat en
dc.title (Re)Defining Freedom of Speech : Language Policy, Education, and Linguistic Rights in the United States en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-200910173995
dc.subject.kota 612

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