Tacit tonality - Implicit learning of context-free harmonic structure

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dc.contributor.author Rohrmeier, Martin
dc.contributor.author Cross, Ian
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-03T06:42:05Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-03T06:42:05Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/20931
dc.description.abstract Musical knowledge, like native language knowledge, is largely implicit, being represented without awareness of its complex structures and incidentally acquired through interaction with a large number of samples. Two experiments explore implicit learning of hierarchical harmonic structures of different complexity employing an artificial grammar learning paradigm. The experiments consisted of an incidental learning phase using a distraction task, and a testing phase employing the process dissociation procedure paradigm (Jacoby, 1991). Participants performed significantly above chance and recognised adjacent and long-distance dependencies in both experiments. Confidence ratings and inclusion/exclusion response patterns suggest that both implicit structure knowledge and explicit judgment knowledge are in operation. Participants recognised stimuli with deep structures that appeared in the learning phase better than new structures for the more complex grammar, whereas there was no such difference for the simpler grammar. They performed significantly better for the less complex grammar which indicates that grammatical complexity affects learnability and recognition performance. The results conform to other experimental findings that musicians and nonmusicians are able to perceive long-distance dependencies and embedded structures in tonal harmony. en
dc.format.extent 443-452
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject.other implicit learning en
dc.subject.other musical acquisition en
dc.subject.other harmony en
dc.subject.other artificial grammar learning en
dc.subject.other incidental learning en
dc.title Tacit tonality - Implicit learning of context-free harmonic structure en
dc.type Article en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:jyu-2009411312
dc.identifier.conference ESCOM 2009 : 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music

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