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Lisämateriaali julkaisuun: Genetic colour variation visible for predators and conspecifics is concealed from humans in a polymorphic moth

dc.contributor.authorKirvesoja, Jimi
dc.contributor.authorNokelainen, Ossi
dc.contributor.authorSuisto, Kaisa
dc.contributor.authorMappes, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorGalarza Pavia, Juan
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-17T10:35:43Z
dc.date.available2022-02-17T10:35:43Z
dc.identifier.citationNokelainen, Ossi; Galarza Pavia, Juan; Kirvesoja, Jimi; Suisto, Kaisa; Mappes, Johanna. Supplementary data to: Genetic colour variation visible for predators and conspecifics is concealed from humans in a polymorphic moth. 10.17011/jyx/dataset/79808
dc.identifier.otherjyu-resd.104241160
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79808
dc.description.abstractThe definition of colour polymorphism is intuitive: genetic variants express discretely-coloured phenotypes. This classification is however elusive as humans form subjective categories or ignore differences that cannot be seen by human eyes. We demonstrate an example of a ‘cryptic morph’ in a polymorphic wood tiger moth (Arctia plantaginis), a phenomenon that may be common among well-studied species. We used pedigree data from nearly 20000 individuals to infer the inheritance of hindwing colouration. The evidence supports a single Mendelian locus with two alleles in males: WW and Wy produce the white and yy the yellow hindwing colour. The inheritance could not be resolved in females as their hindwing colour varies continuously with no clear link with male genotypes. Next, we investigated if the male genotype can be predicted from their phenotype by machine learning algorithms and by human observers. Linear discriminant analysis grouped male genotypes with 97% accuracy, whereas humans could only group the yy genotype. Using vision modelling, we also tested whether the genotypes have differential discriminability to humans, moth conspecifics and their bird predators. The human perception was poor separating the genotypes, but avian and moth vision models with ultraviolet sensitivity could separate white WW and Wy males. We emphasize the importance of objective methodology when studying colour polymorphism. Our findings indicate that by-eye categorisation methods may be problematic, because humans fail to see differences that can be visible for relevant receivers. Ultimately, receivers equipped with different perception than ours may impose selection to morphs hidden from human sight. This dataset contains supplementary data to the article that handles the issue described above. For detailed description of the material, methods, and results of the study, see the article.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.titleSupplementary data to: Genetic colour variation visible for predators and conspecifics is concealed from humans in a polymorphic mothen
dc.titleLisämateriaali julkaisuun: Genetic colour variation visible for predators and conspecifics is concealed from humans in a polymorphic mothfi
dc.typedataset
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202202171535
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaMatemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Biological and Environmental Scienceen
dc.contributor.laitosBio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_ddb1
dc.identifier.doi10.17011/jyx/dataset/79808
dc.rights.copyrightNokelainen, Ossi and Department of Biological and Environmental Science
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccess
dc.relation.grantnumber320438
dc.subject.ysobiologiset menetelmätfi
dc.subject.ysobiologiset tekijätfi
dc.subject.ysobiological factorsen
dc.subject.ysobiological methodsen
dc.subject.ysobiologiset vaikutuksetfi
dc.subject.ysobiological effectsen
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14862
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7702
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20866
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.funderSuomen Akatemia
dc.relation.funderAcademy of Finland
jyx.fundingprogramAkatemiaprofessorin tutkimuskulut, SA
jyx.fundingprogramResearch costs of Academy Professor, AoF


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International