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dc.contributor.authorCross, Katherine
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-04T10:05:30Z
dc.date.available2019-12-04T10:05:30Z
dc.date.issued2019fi
dc.identifier.citationCross, K. (2019). Toward a formal sociology of online harassment. <em>Human Technology</em>, 15 (3), 324-346. <a href="https://doi.org/10.17011/ht/urn.201911265023">doi:10.17011/ht/urn.201911265023</a>
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66646
dc.description.abstractOnline harassment and various subcategories of it, like doxing and swatting, have attracted enormous interest for several years now—and particular interest in the world of game studies in the wake of 2014’s GamerGate harassment campaign. Such protracted, crowdsourced campaigns remain undertheorized, however. Using contemporary research to modify Georg Simmel’s formal sociological method, I provide researchers and the wider public with an easily visualized structure that most harassment campaigns follow: the form of an inverted pyramid bearing down on an individual target, stratified into three orders of harassment, each defined by level of severity and invasiveness. With this form, the public can more clearly visualize online harassment as a structural rather than individual phenomenon. This form makes a significant contribution to social media research by providing an approachable theoretical framework for future studies and can also frame design interventions on harassment.fi
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherJyväskylän Yliopisto
dc.relation.ispartofseriesHuman Technologyfi
dc.rightsCC BY-NC 4.0
dc.subject.otheronline harassmentfi
dc.subject.otherformal sociologyfi
dc.subject.othergame studiesfi
dc.subject.otherGamerGatefi
dc.subject.otherInternet studiesfi
dc.titleToward a formal sociology of online harassmentfi
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201912045125
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange324-346
dc.relation.issn1795-6889
dc.relation.numberinseries3fi
dc.relation.volume15
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright©2019 Katherine Cross and the Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoInternetfi
dc.subject.ysohäirintäfi
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.17011/ht/urn.201911265023


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CC BY-NC 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY-NC 4.0