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dc.contributor.advisorLintunen, Taru
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Jinyoung
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-11T08:39:47Z
dc.date.available2019-03-11T08:39:47Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/63084
dc.description.abstractGrit is perseverance and passion for long-term goals, an individual trait that can lead to successful outcome. Habit is considered as goal-directed automaticity, repeated with low awareness, which may interact with behavior and intention for the behavior. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) describes constructs in predicting behavior with the intention to act. There have been several studies on each of the three elements mentioned above (grit, habit, TPB) and autonomous motivation in physical activity (PA). However, few studies look at the relationship altogether between these variables. This study examined the associations of psychological constructs based in the TPB with grit and habit. As a pilot study of a larger project, the study aims to examine if individual differences in grit and habit can predict intentions and behavior of PA. It was hypothesized that grit and habit will both have effect on PA and the TPB variables. 277 Finnish secondary school students (grades 7, 8 and 9) were asked to fill out a questionnaire at two points in time (week 1 and 5). The questionnaire contained questions from three different questionnaires that measure grit (Duckworth & Peterson, Matthews & Kelly, 2007), habit (Gardner et al., 2012), and the constructs of the TPB (Ajzen, 1985). Reliabilities were analyzed with Cronbach’s α and the correlational coefficient r. The relationships between the variables were quantitatively measured through correlational and regression analysis using SPSS. Correlations revealed that grit and habit correlated each in varying degrees to attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intention and PA. Longitudinal correlations were found especially with habit, intention, and PA (r ≥ .20). Grit had small longitudinal correlation with PA (r = .13). ANOVA results indicated that students with higher grit or higher automaticity were more physically active in both Time 1 and 2. There were no combined effects of grit and habit on PA. Regression results demonstrated the cross-sectional and longitudinal effect of grit and habit on PA, with intention as a mediating variable. Grit and habit are considered as important predictors to physical activity of adolescents, and as suitable targets for intervention. The results of the study will be important in understanding the effect of grit and habit on the variables of autonomous motivation in the TPB.en
dc.format.extent53
dc.language.isoen
dc.subject.othertheory of planned behavior
dc.subject.othergrit
dc.subject.otherautonomous motivation
dc.titleGritty and habitual : research on the theory of planned behavior and autonomous motivation for physical activity in adolescents
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201903111796
dc.type.ontasotMaster’s thesisen
dc.type.ontasotPro gradu -tutkielmafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosLiikunta- ja terveystieteetfi
dc.contributor.laitosSport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntapsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSport and Exercise Psychologyen
dc.rights.copyrightJulkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.fi
dc.rights.copyrightThis publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.en
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi5021
dc.subject.ysosisu
dc.subject.ysofyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.subject.ysotottumukset
dc.subject.ysokäyttäytymisen psykologia
dc.subject.ysosisu
dc.subject.ysophysical activeness
dc.subject.ysohabits
dc.subject.ysobehavioural psychology


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