Rewilding: opportunities for boosting large-scale biodiversity restoration in Europe
Fernández, N. (2018). Rewilding: opportunities for boosting large-scale biodiversity restoration in Europe. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/108105
© the Authors, 2018
Failures of conservation policies in place to revert the current loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services urge to expand conservation approaches by seeking new opportunities for harmonizing nature restoration and social and economic needs. Rewilding has emerged as an ambitious solution to restore the integrity of ecological communities, emphasizing the need to switch from policy goals mostly focused on structural components of biodiversity such as species and habitats, towards a more comprehensive consideration of ecosystem processes and the role of species in maintaining these processes. However, contrasting perspectives on the implementation of rewilding goals, as well as misinterpretations of its ecological foundations, have obscured the debate about whether rewilding should be included or not in the conservation agenda. In this talk, I will discuss the benefits of a pragmatic approach to rewilding for boosting large-scale and long-term visions for biodiversity restoration in Europe, while taking advantage of opportunities provided by socio-economic changes and policy opportunities, such as land abandonment and the potential to contribute to the goals of Green Infrastructure. I will present rewilding as a multi-faceted concept that focuses on (1) increasing the functional ecological connectivity of habitats, (2) promoting more sustainable and biodiversity-rich food webs, and (3) allowing space for natural disturbances. Furthermore, I will make a case for the implementation of an European-scale rewilding strategy that is based on the identification and spatial assessment of the current state, the opportunities, and the risks and limitations of a rewilding approach. This advocacy has the ultimate goal of promoting the adoption of a proactive biodiversity restoration agenda at the EU level that explicitly incorporates rewilding principles. ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Rewilding complex ecosystems: Restore function not state Perino, Andrea; Pereira, Henrique Miguel (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Rapid global change and increasing human use of resources have led to the widespread loss and degradation of many ecosystems, and these trends are projected to maintain or even increase. Counteracting these trends requires ...
Restoration priorities and strategies : Restoration to protect biodiversity and enhance Green Infrastructure : Nordic examples of priorities and needs for strategic solutions Hagen, Dagmar; Kotiaho, Janne Sakari; Kareksela, Santtu; Lindhagen, Anna; Isaksson, Daniel; Päivinen, Jussi; Svavarsdóttir, Kristín; Tennokene, Margit; Hansen, Kjell Tore (Nordic Council of Ministers, 2016)
Large-scale grassland restoration in Estonia – best practice and socio-economic implications Kasari, Liis; Esko, Annely; Prangel, Elisabeth; Hernández-Agramonte, Ignacio M.; Helm, Aveliina (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)In the beginning of 20th century, 1/3 of mainland area of Estonia – 18 000 km2 – was covered by semi-natural grasslands. Since then, similarly to all other regions in Europe, changes in land-use resulted in abandonment and ...
Changes in pore water quality after peatland restoration : Assessment of a large-scale, replicated before-after-control-impact study in Finland Menberu, Meseret Walle; Marttila, Hannu; Tahvanainen, Teemu; Kotiaho, Janne Sakari; Hokkanen, Reijo; Kløve, Bjørn; Ronkanen, Anna-Kaisa (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc., 2017)Drainage is known to affect peatland natural hydrology and water quality, but peatland restoration is considered to ameliorate peatland degradation. Using a replicated BACIPS (Before‐After‐Control‐Impact Paired Series) ...
Mimicking small scale disturbance regimes to enhance biodiversity in middle-aged Scots Pine forests – a forest restoration experiment Aljes, Maria; Meyer, Peter; Wörmann, Ronja; Culmsee, Heike (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)In 2005 the Federal Government of Germany has started to transfer valuable areas for nature conservation purposes to the German Federal Environmental Foundation (DBU) and others as National Heritage Sites (NHS). These areas ...