A Spatial Investigation of Wolf-Human Conflict in Turkey Based on MaxEnt Model
Erturk, A. and Çağlar, S. S. (2018). A Spatial Investigation of Wolf-Human Conflict in Turkey Based on MaxEnt Model. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107656
© the Authors, 2018
Large carnivores around the world are under increasing threat due to the human-induced factors according to the recent IUCN report. Through their high dispersal capability, large carnivores generally occupy extensive range of areas and dominate different type of habitats. On the other hand, decreasing habitat quality and available prey density compel this group of animals to inhabit semi-natural habitats and this phenomenon gives rise to human-carnivore conflict to occur. Being one of the most widespread large carnivores of the world, wolves normally prefer natural habitats and hesitate from human settlements similar to the other animals who belong to this group. However, wolves have become one of the iconic species of human-carnivore conflict in the regions where they exist. Co-existence of gray wolf and human in a region triggers the conflict via direct attacks on humans, or damage on livestock and shepherd dogs. In Turkey, despite the direct attacks on individuals are very rare, human perception of wolves is generally negative due to the economic cost of wolf-related livestock depredation. This situation is the main struggle for conservation efforts which are directed towards the gray wolves in Turkey. In this study, in order to evaluate the wolf-human conflict, which is one of the top priority issues to be resolved for sustainable management and to take protective measures for the wolf populations, the possible triggering parameters and conflict records have been examined. In this context, we have constructed a MaxEnt model using 12 parameters as predictive variables and n=309 locations of wolf attacks gathered from whole Turkey as conflict records. As a result of the study we established a risk map for Turkey and it has been revealed which factors triggered the conflict at the countrywide scale. The obtained output showed that the wolf-human conflict in Eastern Anatolia has reached high risk values and the risk of conflict depends largely on altitude, land use pattern and road network density whereas the livestock density were contributed model output at almost insignificant level surprisingly. It is envisaged that the outputs of this study will contribute to the implementations carried out on the gray wolf population within the scope of species conservation and action plans conducted to manage wolf-human conflict. ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
More is more? : Forest management allocation at different spatial scales to mitigate conflicts between ecosystem services Pohjanmies, Tähti; Eyvindson, Kyle; Triviño, María; Mönkkönen, Mikko (Springer Netherlands, 2017)Context: Multi-objective management can mitigate conflicts among land-use objectives. However, the effectiveness of a multi-objective solution depends on the spatial scale at which land-use is optimized. This is because ...
Minorities' communication apprehension and conflict : an investigation of Kurds in Iran and Malays in Singapore Rahmani, Diyako (University of Jyväskylä, 2017)This research project investigates the relationship between communication apprehension and conflict in the intergroup context of minority and majority relationships. Previous studies of communication apprehension have ...
Large carnivore attacks on humans: a worldwide study to investigate spatial-temporal patterns, triggering factors, scenarios, and species attributes Bombieri, Giulia; Delgado, María del Mar; Pedrini, Paolo; Penteriani, Vincenzo (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Large carnivore attacks on humans are increasing globally in the last decades. The expansion of human population and activities in areas inhabited by large carnivores, together with the recovery which several of these ...
The challenge of pre-examination system in Turkey for teacher candidates and potential solutions to the challenge Atac, Cagil (2019)In this study, the researcher investigates the selection procedure for teacher candidates in Turkey from the past to today. Historical background of teacher training and the selection methods to teacher training programs ...
Natura 2000 stakeholder involvement in Turkey's forests Güngöroğlu, Cumhur (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Participation of local stakeholders is very important in selection and creation of Natura 2000 areas. There is not a standard procedure that has been developed by the EU in this respect. This study primarily aims to establish ...