Taking a more nuanced look at demand reduction
Thomas-Walters, L., Veríssimo, D., Gadsby, E., Roberts, D. and Smith, B. (2018). Taking a more nuanced look at demand reduction. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107339
© the Authors, 2018
The illegal wildlife trade is a multibillion dollar industry, and a major cause of wildlife declines (Nellemann et al. 2014). It can contribute to the spread of invasive species and diseases, and the loss of biodiversity in ecosystems can have knock-on effects on their stability, productivity, and efficiency. Conservationists increasingly recognise the importance of demand-side interventions in the form of demand reduction, with multiple calls for demand reduction in both the academic and grey literature (e.g. (Challender et al. 2014; Burgess 2016)). Demand reduction campaigns are just beginning to be implemented in the conservation sector. However, much of these developments have neglected other sectors such as public health or international development which have used behaviour change approaches for years. In this talk I examine how conservation scientists can learn from the successes of these other fields, and suggest that at present we may be overly optimistic about the potential of demand reduction for achieving radical behaviour change. Understanding how we could maximise the success of demand reduction campaigns could help to cement the place of behaviour change approaches within conservation but it is extremely difficult to achieve, even considering the resources and longevity of practitioners in other fields. Success is often partial and costly, more difficult to achieve when there is less room to manoeuvre, and depends on product characteristics. I advocate for whole systems approaches that may help us address the unintended consequences of our interventions in complex environments. References Burgess, G., 2016. Powers of persuasion? Conservation communications, behavioural change and reducing demand for illegal wildlife products. TRAFFIC Bulletin, 28(2), pp.65-73. Challender, D.W.S. et al., 2014. Changing behavior to tackle the wildlife trade. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12(4), p.203. Nellemann, C. et al., 2014. The environmental crime crisis - Threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources. A UNEP Rapid Response Assessment., Nairobi and Arendal. ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Intensified Job Demands and Cognitive Stress Symptoms : The Moderator Role of Individual Characteristics Rantanen, Johanna; Lyyra, Pessi; Feldt, Taru; Villi, Mikko; Parviainen, Tiina (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)Intensified job demands (IJDs) originate in the general accelerated pace of society and ever-changing working conditions, which subject workers to increasing workloads and deadlines, constant planning and decision-making ...
Reduction and solipsism : Husserl's method of reduction and solipsism critique presented against it Vienola, Minna-Kerttu (2017)Työssäni tutkin Hursserlin reduktion metodia, joka on hänen kehittämänsä suuntauksen, transsendentaalisen fenomenologian, tutkimusmenetelmä. Vastaan kysymykseen, viekö reduktion metodi välttämättä solipsismiin vai ei. ...
Myllykoski, Mirko; Rossi, Tuomo; Toivanen, Jari (Springer, 2013)Two block cyclic reduction linear system solvers are considered and implemented using the OpenCL framework. The topics of interest include a simplified scalar cyclic reduction tridiagonal system solver and the impact ...
Nordhausen, Klaus; Ruiz-Gazen, Anne (Elsevier, 2022)Scatter matrices generalize the covariance matrix and are useful in many multivariate data analysis methods, including well-known principal component analysis (PCA), which is based on the diagonalization of the covariance ...
Visual distraction effects of in-car text entry methods : Comparing keyboard, handwriting and voice recognition Kujala, Tuomo; Grahn, Hilkka (ACM, 2017)Three text entry methods were compared in a driving simulator study with 17 participants. Ninety-seven drivers’ occlusion distance (OD) data mapped on the test routes was used as a baseline to evaluate the methods’ ...