The effect of music listening on emotional responses to compassionate scenes : the role of stimulus type and trait empathy
DisciplineMusic, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma)Master's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technology
This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.
The perception of emotion is not something we experience using isolated sensory modalities. Research has shown that auditory and visual domains influence each other in the processing of affective stimuli. Nevertheless previous studies have looked at the effects of these influences while dealing with only a few basic emotions, such as happiness, sadness, fear or anger. It is yet to be observed whether similar interactions can be observed for more complex emotions. The present study tested whether listening to music could influence people’s emotional response to a visual cue for a higher-level emotion such as compassion by evaluating the effects that different types of music had on compassionate scenes as opposed to noncompassionate ones. It also set out to explore the role that trait empathy and musical preference played in accounting for individual differences. To achieve this, ratings on Valence, Arousal and Compassion for compassion-inducing (CI) and non-compassion-inducing (NCI) pictures during four different music and silence conditions were collected. As a measure for empathy the Empathic Concern subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index was obtained as well as a liking score for each of the music pieces. Results showed that High-Valence+Low-Arousal music significantly increased the compassionate response to both types of pictures, whereas Low-Valence+Low-Arousal and Low-Valence+High-Arousal music showed virtually no effect. High-Valence+High-Arousal music, although preferred by most participants, decreased the compassionate response to affective pictures and increased it for neutral stimuli. More empathic participants displayed stronger overall feelings of Compassion and also showed more variability in those ratings between the music conditions, particularly when rating NCI pictures. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Pro gradu -tutkielmat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Vuoskoski, Jonna (University of Jyväskylä, 2012)
Me, you and the dance : effects of individual differences and social context on music-induced movement Carlson, Emily (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2018)To dance is usually to dance with someone else. Dance often takes place in social contexts such as a club or party, where individuals’ movements not only reflect their own traits and feelings but can the movements of ...
Honkavuori, Reetta (2019)Tutkimukseni käsittelee musiikin merkitystä nuorille sanoitusten näkökulmasta. Vaikka musiikinkuuntelu- ja tunnetutkimusta on musiikkipsykologiassa tehty paljon, sanoituksista tehty tutkimus on hyvin vähäistä. Sen vuoksi ...
Oudyk, Kendra (2018)Background: Personality is related to emotional tendencies, and emotion is an important part of musical experiences. In particular, the personality traits Extraversion and Neuroticism have been respectively related to ...
Move the way you feel : effects of musical features, perceived emotions, and personality on music-induced movement Burger, Birgitta (University of Jyväskylä, 2013)