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dc.contributor.authorWright, Shannon
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-02T06:16:47Z
dc.date.available2018-08-02T06:16:47Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/59074
dc.description.abstractIt is common for individuals to move their bodies in time with external cues such as sound or music, a phenomenon known as sensorimotor synchronisation. However, not all time intervals are optimal for synchronisation, with some being too short and some being too long to effectively track and time one’s actions to. Moreover, cues often have varying periods meaning individuals must correct their movements to re-synchronise with the new rhythm. The ability to synchronise and re-synchronise thus requires correct time interval tracking. Changes in physiological arousal level have been linked to time perception and a number of investigations into the effect of meditation on time perception have been undertaken. Yet, little is known empirically as to how alterations to systems involved in time tracking affect sensorimotor synchronisation. The primary aim of this study is therefore to investigate how a shift in physiological arousal impacts sensorimotor synchronisation with rhythmically-stable and rhythmically-shifting sounds. To this end, participants performed a finger-tapping synchronisation task after either a breathing intervention or sitting quietly. The breathing intervention used was resonance frequency breathing, which increases heart rate variability and creates a parasympathetic-dominant, relaxed state of being. Circular statistics were used to generate mean phase angles and variability of finger taps relative to the sound onsets while a circular analogue of Hotelling’s T2 sample test was used to detect differences in synchronisation between conditions. No differences in synchronisation or re-synchronisation were found between conditions; additionally, physiological arousal and heart rate variability showed no significant correlation with synchronisation and re-synchronisation performance. The findings are discussed in the context of other research into time perception and altered states of consciousness. Recommendations for using resonance frequency breathing as a manipulation in future sensorimotor synchronisation research are given.en
dc.format.extent75
dc.language.isoen
dc.subject.othersensorimotor synchronisation
dc.subject.otherresonance frequency breathing
dc.subject.otherheart rate variability
dc.subject.othererror correction
dc.subject.otherprediction
dc.subject.othertime perception
dc.titlePhysiological arousal and sensorimotor syncronisation : an investigation employing resonance frequency breathing
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201808023710
dc.type.ontasotMaster’s thesisen
dc.type.ontasotPro gradu -tutkielmafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaHumanistis-yhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Humanities and Social Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosMusiikin, taiteen ja kulttuurin tutkimuksen laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Music, Art and Culture Studiesen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.oppiaineMusic, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma)fi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMaster's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technologyen
dc.rights.copyrightJulkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.fi
dc.rights.copyrightThis publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.en
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi3054
dc.subject.ysoäänet
dc.subject.ysorytmi
dc.subject.ysopsykofysiologia
dc.subject.ysosyke
dc.subject.ysovaihtelu
dc.subject.ysosynkronointi
dc.subject.ysosounds
dc.subject.ysorhythm
dc.subject.ysopsychophysiology
dc.subject.ysopulse
dc.subject.ysovariation
dc.subject.ysosynchronizing


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