Motion in musical sound : the role of music performer bodily gesture in creating expressive sounding music
DisciplineMusic, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma)Master's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technology
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The way that musicians move when they perform is closely linked with their communicative intent and artistic interpretation of the music. While research has shown that musicians’ bodily gesture conveys visually expressive information, no previous research has asked if these gestures are important to the musicians’ internal process of making the music sound expressive. As musicians often perform in situations when they cannot be seen, this question is relevant to issues of performance practice and pedagogy. This study investigated the importance of musicians’ use of expressive or ancillary gesture in the process of creating expressive sounding music. Four violinists were instructed to play unaccompanied melodies (intended to conveysad, happy, tender and scary emotions) under two movement conditions: visually expressive and immobile, while their performances were recorded through audio, and motion capture technology. The resulting audio performances were presented to listeners in a perceptual experiment in which listeners were asked to judge the overall expressivity of each performance, and the emotion conveyed by the music.It was hypothesised that: 1) melodies would be perceived as conveying the intended emotions, 2) there would be an effect of performance condition on expressivity ratings, and 3) performers would move more in the visually expressive condition than in the immobile condition. H1 was supported for six of the eight melodies, showing that those six melodies are suitable for future use in music and emotion research. H2 was supported for the two sad melodies and one happy melody, but was not supported for the other melodies, indicating that use of body movement can affect a performer’s expressivity through sound, but the effect may be influenced by various factors. H3 was supported for all performers, showing that the movement conditions used here were successful in manipulating performers’ body movement. In addition, exploring the descriptive statistics of the motion capture data also showed some interesting trends and differences in movement characteristics among the performers. Implications and limitations are discussed. ...
music performance ancillary gesture expressive gesture body movement embodied cognition musical expressivity music perception music pedagogy performance practice motion capture. musiikin tulkinta musiikin esittäminen eleet ruumiinkieli musiikki musiikintutkijat esityskäytäntö interpretation of music performance of music gestures body language music music researchers
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Thompson, Marc (University of Jyväskylä, 2012)
Van Zijl, Anemone G. W. (University of Jyväskylä, 2014)
All Eyes on Me : Behaving as Soloist in Duo Performances Leads to Increased Body Movements and Attracts Observers’ Visual Attention Küssner, Mats B.; Van Dyck, Edith; Burger, Birgitta; Moelants, Dirk; Vansteenkiste, Pieter (University of California Press, 2020)Duo musicians exhibit a broad variety of bodily gestures, but it is unclear how soloists’ and accompanists’ movements differ and to what extent they attract observers’ visual attention. In Experiment 1, seven musical duos’ ...
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Thompson, Marc; Diapoulis, Georgios; Johnson, Susan; Kwan, Pui Yin; Himberg, Tommi (Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics, 2015)Interpersonal coordination within a dyadic musical performance requires that the two musicians share a similar mental model of the music’s timing structure. In addition to non-fluctuating inter-onset-interval, matched mental ...