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dc.contributor.authorKaasalainen, Karoliina
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-04T10:13:04Z
dc.date.available2017-12-04T10:13:04Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.isbn978-951-39-7258-5
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1803237
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/56107
dc.description.abstractThis thesis examined how physical fitness is associated with self-reported physical activity (PA), eating habits and psychosocial factors among Finnish men who engaged in the Adventures of Joe Finn Campaign. The thesis comprises four original publications and supplementary results. The research framework utilizes the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) and principles of social marketing. HAPA guides the explanation of health behaviors at the individual level within the wider framework of social marketing, which links the individual-level effects with the campaign. Data were collected during the Adventures of Joe Finn Campaign tour in 2011 and by a post-campaign e-mail survey in 2014. Physical fitness was estimated with a body fitness index (BFI) based on the Inbody 720, Polar OwnIndex test and a hand grip test. Self-reported PA, phase of PA change (intention/action) and psychosocial factors were elicited by questionnaire. Of the 900 baseline participants (Mage=43.9, SD=12.7), 19 % had low and 42 % moderate BFI. For further analyses, 361 of these men were assigned to a “need-for-change” group on the basis of a low or moderate BFI, body mass index (BMI)>25 kg/m2) and indications of abdominal obesity. In 2014, 102 of these men completed a follow-up questionnaire and 41 men in the “need-for change” group underwent a second BFI test. When compared against their BFI, 63% of the low-fit participants overestimated their fitness. Low self-efficacy, self-regulatory skills, lack of goals and lower social support differentiated this group from their high-fit counterparts. Based on the fitness test, 40 % of the men needed to change their health behaviors. The post-campaign study revealed that, in this group, while the proportion of the least active men decreased, the median activity level did not change. Men who reported positive changes in PA had higher PA goals at baseline and they expressed stronger autonomous promoters for PA than those who remained at the low PA level. The results suggest that low-fit men need stronger self-efficacy and support for skill development. Individual counseling after a fitness test, easy access to PA groups or regular self-monitoring and feedback may be appropriate additional interventions for this group.
dc.format.extent1 verkkoaineisto (127, 10 sivua, 4 numeroimatonta sivua) : kuvitettu
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
dc.relation.ispartofseriesStudies in sport, physical education and health
dc.relation.isversionofYhteenveto-osa ja 4 eripainosta julkaistu myös painettuna.
dc.subject.otherSuomiMies seikkailee -kampanja
dc.subject.otherphysical fitness
dc.subject.othercampaign
dc.subject.othersocial marketing
dc.subject.othermen
dc.subject.otherself-efficacy
dc.subject.otherself-regulation
dc.titleAwaking the motivation for change : relationships between physical fitness, physical activity and psychosocial factors among men in the Adventures of Joe Finn Campaign
dc.identifier.urnURN:ISBN:978-951-39-7258-5
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.ontasotVäitöskirjafi
dc.type.ontasotDoctoral dissertationen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineTerveyskasvatusfi
dc.relation.issn0356-1070
dc.relation.numberinseries263
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysofyysinen kunto
dc.subject.ysofyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.subject.ysoruokatottumukset
dc.subject.ysokampanjat
dc.subject.ysososiaalinen markkinointi
dc.subject.ysoelintavat
dc.subject.ysomuutos
dc.subject.ysopsykososiaaliset tekijät
dc.subject.ysomiehet
dc.subject.ysoterveyskasvatus


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