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dc.contributor.authorSuuronen, Anna
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-10T13:09:51Z
dc.date.available2017-11-10T13:09:51Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.isbn978-951-39-7248-6
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1737793
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/55834
dc.description.abstractLarge scale photovoltaic (PV) solar power plants are gaining popularity in Chile. Solar energy potential in northern Chile is one of the best worldwide and true deserts are considered ideal environments for solar power plant projects. Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on earth. Nevertheless, northern Chile is home for many endemic species with 40 different vegetation types. The thesis presents studies of ecological effects (I-II) and location optimization of PV solar power plants in northern Chile (III). For ecological impacts two types of PV solar power plant technologies were studied: fixed mount solar plant and solar- tracking mounts. Study units were placed below the mounts or between the panels. Reference area was outside the panel area. Arthropod species composition was altered between shade and sun conditions at fixed mount power plant and, for example, dipterans were more common in shade conditions. Fixed mount solar power plants’ shade conditions can act as refuge to some arthropod groups, but for vegetation, shade conditions can disturb their florescence. Abiotic conditions limited local spider species habitat selection, but invasive spider species Lactrodectus geometricus could colonize mount legs of entire plant. Precaution should be taken when planning PV projects in areas with sensitive nature. Northern Chile is an ideal place for solar power plant projects because of its high solar energy potential but environmental and social aspects of site selection should be considered. Ideal places with low environmental and landscape value are in the absolute desert situated in the central valley starting from Arica and reaching until the northern part of Atacama region. Nevertheless, cities and historical sites should be avoided. The results of this thesis provide new information about ecological environment of PV plants and gives alternatives to multidisciplinary site selection.
dc.format.extent1 verkkoaineisto (31, 9 sivua, 13 numeroimatonta sivua) : kuvitettu, karttoja
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJyväskylä studies in biological and environmental science
dc.relation.isversionofYhteenveto-osa ja 3 eripainosta julkaistu myös painettuna.
dc.subject.otherAtacama Desert
dc.subject.otherarthropods
dc.subject.otherecological impacts
dc.subject.otherenvironmental-social effect
dc.subject.otherphotovoltaic solar power plant
dc.subject.othersite selection
dc.subject.othersustainable energy
dc.titleEcological and social impacts of photovoltaic solar power plants and optimization of their locations in northern Chile
dc.typeDiss.fi
dc.identifier.urnURN:ISBN:978-951-39-7248-6
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.ontasotVäitöskirjafi
dc.type.ontasotDoctoral dissertationen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaMatemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineYmpäristötiedefi
dc.relation.issn1456-9701
dc.relation.numberinseries338
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoaurinkovoimalat
dc.subject.ysoekologisuus
dc.subject.ysososiaaliset vaikutukset
dc.subject.ysoympäristövaikutukset
dc.subject.ysopienilmasto
dc.subject.ysokasvillisuus
dc.subject.ysoaavikot
dc.subject.ysoeliöyhteisöt
dc.subject.ysoniveljalkaiset
dc.subject.ysoaurinkoenergia
dc.subject.ysokestävä kehitys
dc.subject.ysooptimointi
dc.subject.ysosijainti
dc.subject.ysoChile


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