"Lauletaan vaan yhdessä, pojat!" : musiikki ja identiteetti sotiemme veteraanien ryhmämusiikkiterapiassa - etnografis-narratiivinen tutkimus
Published inJyväskylä studies in humanities
Studies concerning music and identity have shown that the music which an individual values as important tells stories about the subjective reality of the individual (Lehtonen & Niemelä 1997; Baker & Wigram 2004). Through the use of individualized meaningful music in music therapy, a possibility for raising and evaluating processes connected with identity can be created (Magee & Davidson 2004b). Even recent brain studies have shown these connections. When meaningful music is used activity is observed within deep parts of the brain, suggesting a connection between contextualized meaningful music and activity in the brain where the pleasure and the autobiographical memory centers exist (Burunat et al. 2016). The most important music for an individual often is the music listened to while young (Rubin et al. 1998). Additionally, the use of meaningful music from the past for an elderly population through group sing-a-longs facilitates meaningful and emotional interaction with others (Clair, 2000). This qualitative study examines the possibilities for elderly people with relatively good cognitive and psycho-social abilities in expressing, sharing, understanding and changing to explore identity through the music therapy process within a peer group context. Subjects for the study were identified by care providers from a home for disabled veterans, Sotainvalidien Sairaskoti, in the Kypärämäki area of Jyväskylä, Finland. The music therapy process was linked to the ideas and values of the nursing home, taking place as part of a multi-professional whole care concept and connected to everyday social situations (e.g. DeNora 2008, pp. 62-74). A series of audio recordings (18 recordings x 45 minutes each) were collected, transcribed and divided into thematically meaningful units using content analysis, with the main aim of the analysis emphasizing the finding of meanings between music and identity. Clarification of the data discoveries was created through mutual understandings determined between the therapist and the client through a reciprocal process connected to cyclical and layered meanings of past, present and future. The core result of this study is the discovery of the effective use of a model which could be called the “HEP!” model, “HEP!” being a term used in Finnish which could be translated as “GO!” in the musical English understanding of the command, “one, two, three, GO!”. The model is structured on the basis of three elements, the holistic picture of human beings (H), the ecological structures on which musical meanings are based (E), and the potentialities that are being enabled and exercised within a music therapy group (P). The model has helped the music therapist researcher, and hopefully will also help other music therapists, in understanding and conceptualizing the multidimensional meanings of music therapy processes at both the level of theory as well as of practice. The results can be situated in connection with the growing tendencies in many branches of science for seeing narration as a valuable method for exploration in research. This study is also connected to community music therapy practices and theory, which see music as a way to advance wellbeing in everyday life situations. Finally, the results are strongly connected to issues of empowerment and a new definition of rehabilitation and music therapy where the elderly, as their own actors, take control over matters concerning their lives. Let us allow the client to “write the script” for their own rehabilitation! ...
Alternative titleMusiikki ja identiteetti sotiemme veteraanien ryhmämusiikkiterapiassa - etnografis-narratiivinen tutkimus
PublisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
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