JYX > Opinnäytteet > Pro gradu -tutkielmat > View Item
A scoping review on interventions to promote physical activity among adults with disabilities
This material has a restricted access due to copyright reasons. It can be read at the workstation at Jyväskylä University Library reserved for the use of archival materials: https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/en/workspaces/facilities.
People with disabilities are at increased risk for obesity as well as other secondary conditions that lead to further decline in health and functional status. Despite there being strong evidence that physical activity (PA) can help to reduce the incidence and severity of preventable conditions, approximately half of all adults with disabilities get no regular physical activity. In addition, there is limited knowledge on the PA promotion interventions effectiveness among individuals with disabilities. Recently the Behaviour Change Techniques Taxonomy version 1 (BCT Taxonomy v1) became available as a method for reporting, replicating, and synthesizing research evidence, yet it is lacking in studies involving individuals with disabilities. The purpose of this study was to conduct a scoping review to examine the published literature on PA promotion interventions among adults with disabilities. A scoping review following the methodological framework provided by Arksey and O’Malley used electronic databases (Medline, PsycInfo and Cinahl), reference lists, and key journals to locate publications. Inclusion criteria were based on study aim, outcome measures, and a disability definition by the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The BCT Taxonomy v1 was implemented to the PA promotion interventions. Of the 1822 articles initially identified, 38 articles from 37 studies met the inclusion criteria. A great number of studies based their PA measures solely on self-reported PA. Immediately following intervention, 69% of the studies reported a significant increase in PA behaviour. Although a similar percentage was reported in terms of achieved PA maintenance (66%), it should be noted that just nine studies included follow-up measures. Less than half of the studies reported a theoretical background to guide their intervention and 39 of the 93 BCTs composing BCT Taxonomy v1 were observed. The majority of the most coded BCTs belong to three categories: goals and planning (e.g.: action planning), feedback and monitoring (e.g.: feedback on behaviour), and social support (e.g.: social support (unspecified)). The amount of identified BCTs was related with the PA promotion intervention effectiveness. That is, the number of BCTs was greater for interventions achieving PA promotion than for interventions with no influence in PA behaviour. PA promotion interventions show promising results for a variety of disability conditions. The results from this scoping review highlight the need for future systematic reviews and meta-analyses in PA interventions among adults with disabilities. Following more rigorous guidelines and classifications (e.g.: ICF, CONSORT, BCT taxonomies) for designing, applying and reporting PA promotion interventions will benefit future reviewing efforts. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Pro gradu -tutkielmat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
A scoping review on interventions to promote physical activity among adults with disabilities Castro, Oscar; Ng, Kwok; Novoradovskaya, Elizaveta; Bosselut, Grégoire; Hassandra, Mary (Elsevier, 2018)Background Despite the strong evidence that physical activity (PA) is a key determinant of health, there is limited knowledge on the content and outcomes of PA promotion interventions among individuals with disabilities ...
Effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical activity and walking in multiple sclerosis : a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Rintala, Aki; Hakala, Sanna; Paltamaa, Jaana; Heinonen, Ari; Karvanen, Juha; Sjögren, Tuulikki (Informa Healthcare, 2018)Objective: To determine the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) on physical activity and walking. Data sources: A systematic literature search was ...
Psychometric properties of 12-item self-administered World Health Organization disability assessment schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) among general population and people with non-acute physical causes of disability : systematic review Saltychev, Mikhail; Katajapuu, Niina; Bärlund, Esa; Laimi, Katri (Taylor & Francis, 2021)Objective: WHODAS 2.0 is a unified scale to measuring disability across diseases, countries, and cultures. The objective was to explore the available evidence on the psychometric properties of 12-item self-administered ...
Using Sport and Wellness Technology to Promote Physical Activity : An Intervention Study among Teenagers Kettunen, Eeva; Makkonen, Markus; Kari, Tuomas; Critchley, Will (University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2019)Life-long physical activity patterns are established during teenage years. Thus, promoting physical activity for teenagers is important. Sport and wellness technology shows promise for promoting physical activity. Yet, ...
Effectiveness of interventions to promote physical activity in overweight adults in the health care setting : a systematic review Nuojua, Sohvi Katariina (2017)Overweight and obese individuals are at a significant risk for developing cardiovascular disease and other health concerns. Increasing physical activity (PA) in this population is associated with weight loss and positive ...