Reading development of late talking toddlers with and without familial risk for dyslexia : a follow up study from age 2 to 15
Expressive language delay is one of the most frequent concerns for parents and health care providers, and it is also one of the most common reasons that young children are referred for evaluation. In the present study, it was examined whether late-talkers with and without familial risk for dyslexia have weaker reading fluency and comprehension at school age (grades 2, 3, 8 and 9) than typically developing, agematched children. The sample of the study was 200 Finnish-speaking children, who were divided into 5 subgroups: 1) Risk Group with no Delay, 2) Risk Group with Expressive Language Delay, 3) Risk Group with Expressive and Receptive Language Delay, 4) Control Group with Expressive Language Delay, 5) Control Group with no Delay. The children belonging to the family risk group have a family history of dyslexia and as a result they are at risk for reading difficulties. The results showed that late talkers had problems particularly in reading comprehension but problems were persistent only if they had also receptive vocabulary problems. On the other hand, family risk for dyslexia was linked to reading fluency problems but only if the children had both expressive and receptive vocabulary problems. As a result, it seems that expressive delay only is not informative enough considering school age reading development and it seems that late talking could be a persistent risk factor for reading development only if it is combined with receptive language delays. ...
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Long-term effects of the home literacy environment on reading development : Familial risk for dyslexia as a moderator Torppa, Minna; Vasalampi, Kati; Eklund, Kenneth; Niemi, Pekka (Elsevier, 2022)This study aimed to gain better understanding of the associations between literacy activities at home and long-term language and literacy development. We extended the home literacy environment (HLE) model of Sénéchal and ...
Unveiling the Mysteries of Dyslexia : Lessons Learned from the Prospective Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Dyslexia Lohvansuu, Kaisa; Torppa, Minna; Ahonen, Timo; Eklund, Kenneth; Hämäläinen, Jarmo A.; Leppänen, Paavo H. T.; Lyytinen, Heikki (MDPI AG, 2021)This paper reviews the observations of the Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Dyslexia (JLD). The JLD is a prospective family risk study in which the development of children with familial risk for dyslexia (N = 108) due to ...
Caglar‐Ryeng, Ømur; Eklund, Kenneth; Nergård‐Nilssen, Trude (John Wiley & Sons, 2021)Children with familial risk (FR) of dyslexia and children with early language delay are known to be at risk for later language and literacy difficulties. However, research addressing long‐term outcomes in children with ...
Early communicative gestures and play as predictors of language development in children born with and without family risk for dyslexia Unhjem, Astrid; Eklund, Kenneth; Nergård-Nilssen, Trude (Wiley-Blackwell; Psychological Associations of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, 2014)The present study investigated early communicative gestures, play, and language skills in children born with family risk for dyslexia (FR) and a control group of children without this inheritable risk at ages 12, 15, 18, ...
Brain responses to speech sounds in infants and children with and without familial risk for dyslexia Lohvansuu, Kaisa (University of Jyväskylä, 2015)Dyslexia, a specific reading disability, runs in families. Therefore, the risk for a child to become dyslexic increases multifold if reading difficulties occur in the family. One risk factor for dyslexia is a deficit in ...