Reading development of late talking toddlers with and without familial risk for dyslexia : a follow up study from age 2 to 15
Expressive language delay is one of the most frequent concerns for parents and health care providers, and it is also one of the most common reasons that young children are referred for evaluation. In the present study, it was examined whether late-talkers with and without familial risk for dyslexia have weaker reading fluency and comprehension at school age (grades 2, 3, 8 and 9) than typically developing, agematched children. The sample of the study was 200 Finnish-speaking children, who were divided into 5 subgroups: 1) Risk Group with no Delay, 2) Risk Group with Expressive Language Delay, 3) Risk Group with Expressive and Receptive Language Delay, 4) Control Group with Expressive Language Delay, 5) Control Group with no Delay. The children belonging to the family risk group have a family history of dyslexia and as a result they are at risk for reading difficulties. The results showed that late talkers had problems particularly in reading comprehension but problems were persistent only if they had also receptive vocabulary problems. On the other hand, family risk for dyslexia was linked to reading fluency problems but only if the children had both expressive and receptive vocabulary problems. As a result, it seems that expressive delay only is not informative enough considering school age reading development and it seems that late talking could be a persistent risk factor for reading development only if it is combined with receptive language delays. ...
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Early communicative gestures and play as predictors of language development in children born with and without family risk for dyslexia Unhjem, Astrid; Eklund, Kenneth; Nergård-Nilssen, Trude (Wiley-Blackwell; Psychological Associations of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, 2014)The present study investigated early communicative gestures, play, and language skills in children born with family risk for dyslexia (FR) and a control group of children without this inheritable risk at ages 12, 15, 18, ...
Caglar‐Ryeng, Ømur; Eklund, Kenneth; Nergård‐Nilssen, Trude (John Wiley & Sons, 2021)Children with familial risk (FR) of dyslexia and children with early language delay are known to be at risk for later language and literacy difficulties. However, research addressing long‐term outcomes in children with ...
Behavioral and Brain Measures of Morphological Processing in Children With and Without Familial Risk for Dyslexia From Pre-school to First Grade Louleli, Natalia; Hämäläinen, Jarmo A.; Leppänen, Paavo H. T. (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)School-age reading skills are associated with and predicted by preschool-age cognitive risk factors for dyslexia, such as deficits in phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, letter knowledge, and verbal short-term ...
Newborn brain responses measuring feature and change detection and predicting later language development in children with and without familial risk for dyslexia Guttorm, Tomi (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2003)Lukemisen erityisvaikeuksia eli kehityksellistä dysleksiaa on noin 3-10 prosentilla suomalaisista koululaisista. Vaikeudet haittaavat eri tavoin heidän koulusuoriutumistaan ja vaikuttavat näin myös tulevaisuuden ...
Lexical and grammatical development in children at family risk of dyslexia from early childhood to school entry : a cross-lagged analysis Caglar-Ryeng, Ømur; Eklund, Kenneth; Nergård-Nilssen, Trude (Cambridge University Press, 2019)The aim of this study was to examine (a) the development of vocabulary and grammar in children with family-risk (FR) of dyslexia and their peers with no such risk (NoFR) between ages 1;6 and 6;0, and (b) whether FR-status ...