Union Citizenship Representing Conceptual (Dis)continuities in EU Documents on Citizenship and Culture
Mäkinen, K. (2014). Union Citizenship Representing Conceptual (Dis)continuities in EU Documents on Citizenship and Culture. Contributions to the History of Concepts, 9 (1), 105-120. doi:10.3167/choc.2014.090107
Published inContributions to the History of Concepts
© Berghahn Journals. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedited version of an article published in Contributions to the History of Concepts. The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/choc.2014.090107
The question in this article is how citizenship is reinvented and recontextualized in a newly founded European Union after the launching of Union Citizenship. What kind of conceptions of citizenship are produced in this new and evolving organization? The research material consists of documents presented by EU organs from 1994 to 2007 concerning eight EU programs on citizenship and culture. I will analyze conceptual similarities (continuities) and differences (discontinuities) between these documents and previous conceptualizations in various contexts, including citizenship discussions in the history of integration since the 1970s as well as theories of democracy and nation-states. Based on the analysis of participation, rights, and identity as central dimensions of citizenship, I will discuss the relationship of Union Citizenship to democracy and nationality.