Reconciliation of work and care among lone mothers of adults with intellectual disabilities: the role and limits of care capital
Chou, Y., & Kröger, T. (2014). Reconciliation of work and care among lone mothers of adults with intellectual disabilities: the role and limits of care capital. Health and Social Care in the Community, 22 (4), 439-448. doi:10.1111/hsc.12100
Published inHealth and Social Care in the Community
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Wiley.
In this study, the concept of social capital is applied to an exploration of Guanxi (social networking to create good relationships) among working lone mothers of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Taiwan. Using in-depth interviews, this study explores the role of social capital, here referred to as 'care capital', in making it possible for working lone mothers to combine their roles as family carers and workers. Eleven divorced or widowed mothers combining their paid work with long-term care responsibilities were recruited from a survey or through NGOs and were interviewed at their home between October 2008 and July 2010. An interpretative phenomenological approach was adopted for data analysis. The findings revealed that the mothers' care capital was extremely limited and was lost, gained and lost again during their life-cycles of long-term care-giving. Guanxi, especially in relation to their employers, proved to be the sole source of care capital for these mothers, making reconciliation between work and care responsibilities possible. In the absence of formal or informal support, religion and the mother-child relationship seemed also to become a kind of care capital for these lone mothers, helping them to get by with their life-long care responsibilities. For formal social and healthcare services, not just in Taiwan but in every country, it is important to develop support for lone mothers of adults with ID who have long-term care responsibilities and low levels of care capital and thus face care poverty. ...
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.