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dc.contributor.authorYrtti, Antti
dc.date.accessioned2011-06-29T07:32:25Z
dc.date.available2011-06-29T07:32:25Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1179736
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/27242
dc.description.abstractRecent studies have substantiated that preschool children are able to perceive the emotional meaning in music. However, to date, research has not paid enough attention to children’s emotional expression in music. The current study investigated 3- (N=18) and 5- (N=19) year-old children’s ability to express emotion with music by manipulating musical factors (pitch, loudness and tempo) to indicate one of three basic emotions (happiness, sadness or angriness). In order to facilitate the recognition of emotions three images of faces were presented representing target emotions. Three musical pieces differing in terms of emotional quality were presented in random order and participants were asked to manipulate musical factors in order to make each song sound happy, sad and angry. After the experiment participants were asked how they think they managed with the task given. The aim of the current study was to investigate if preschool children are able to communicate emotions through music. A secondary goal was to compare the results by means of age, gender and musical background. The results of the current study were in agreement with previous studies claiming that young children are capable to distinct the happiness, sadness and angriness in music and the results showed differences between emotions in each of the musical factors (pitch, loudness and tempo). The comparison between genders and age groups of 3- and 5-year-old did not show notable differences but interestingly, significant differences were found between the children who had former musical background and children who did not have any musical background.
dc.format.extent44 s
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThis publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.en
dc.rightsJulkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.fi
dc.subject.otherchildren
dc.subject.otherexpression
dc.subject.otherperception
dc.subject.othermusical factors
dc.subject.otherbasic emotions
dc.subject.otheremotional communication
dc.titleStructural factors in preschool children's emotional expression in music
dc.typeBooken
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-2011062911086
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.ontasotPro gradufi
dc.type.ontasotMaster’s thesisen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaHumanistinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Humanitiesen
dc.contributor.laitosMusiikin laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Musicen
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMusic, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma)fi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMaster's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technologyen
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi3054
dc.subject.ysolapset
dc.subject.ysoilmaisu
dc.subject.ysomusiikki
dc.subject.ysotunteet


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