Factors affecting the development and structure of monogenean communities on cyprinid fish

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Bagge, Anna Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2008-01-09T12:52:40Z
dc.date.available 2008-01-09T12:52:40Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.isbn 951-39-2044-5
dc.identifier.uri http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:951-39-2044-5
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13136
dc.description.abstract The central aim of community ecology is to understand how the numbers and relative abundances of species in an assemblage are determined. Parasite communities in freshwater fish are often described as unpredictable, depauperate communities. However, monogenean species on the gills of cyprinid fish often form multispecies communities with even thousands of specimens on one gill-arch. The factors affecting parasite communities were studied at infra- and component community level in two cyprinid fish species; roach (Rutilus rutilus) and crucian carp (Carassius carassius). First, I discuss the environmental factors determining the numbers and species of parasites in the community. I focus first on host population structure, but environmental diversity, host immunity and physiology are also discussed. Recruitment of the parasite species onto the gills is another important theme not previously studied. Second, I concentrate on the factors affecting the site-preference of the parasite specimen on the gills. Competition between species is one possible factor determining site preference. However, no competition between species was detected in any of the communities studied, in spite of unusually high abundances. Aggregation of parasites on certain host specimens is one of the most peculiar phenomena of parasite communities. Here I show that it is one of the most prominent features also at the infracommunity level. Individuals are more aggregated at lower abundances, in order better to find a mate. Other possible factors determining the occurrence on the gill-arch are the size of the gill-arch and the direction of the water current through the gills. Finally, the level of the study and its usefulness in other freshwater fish parasite communities are discussed en
dc.description.abstract Kilpailuyhteiskunnan säännöt eivät päde kalojen loisyhteisöissä. Sen sijaan loiset pyrkivät kaikin tavoin kerääntymään yhteen lisääntymisen varmistamiseksi, toisin sanoen ne aggregoituvat tiettyyn isäntäyksilöön ja jopa samalle paikalle isäntäkalassa, totesi Anna Bagge väitöstutkimuksessaan. Bagge tutki pääasiassa särjen ja ruutanan kiduksissa esiintyviä pieniä kidusmatoja, joita yhdessä kalassa saattoi olla jopa tuhansia. Ne eivät ole isännälle haitallisia eivätkä pysty tarttumaan ihmiseen, vaan kidusmatoja esiintyy pääasiassa särkikalojen kiduksissa ja ihon pinnalla. Kidusmadot ovat hermafrodiitteja eli kaksineuvoisia, niillä on suora elinkierto, eli ne eivät tarvitse väli-isäntiä, ja ne tarttuvat kalasta toiseen ripsitoukkavaiheessa. fi
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher University of Jyväskylä
dc.relation.ispartofseries Jyväskylä studies in biological and environmental science;1456-9701 ;149
dc.relation.isversionof ISBN 951-39-2025-9
dc.title Factors affecting the development and structure of monogenean communities on cyprinid fish
dc.type Diss. fi
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:951-39-2044-5
dc.subject.ysa kalat
dc.subject.ysa sisävesikalat
dc.subject.ysa särki
dc.subject.ysa ruutana
dc.subject.ysa loiset
dc.subject.ysa eliöyhteisöt
dc.type.dcmitype Text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation en
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta fi
dc.contributor.tiedekunta Faculty of Mathematics and Science en
dc.contributor.yliopisto University of Jyväskylä en
dc.contributor.yliopisto Jyväskylän yliopisto fi

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record