Acute effect of physical activity on academic outcomes in school‐aged youth : A systematic review and multivariate meta‐analysis
Muntaner‐Mas, A., Morales, J. S., Martínez‐de‐Quel, Ó., Lubans, D. R., & García‐Hermoso, A. (2023). Acute effect of physical activity on academic outcomes in school‐aged youth : A systematic review and multivariate meta‐analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Early View. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14479
© 2023 the Authors
Background There has been an increase in the number of studies examining the effect of acute and chronic physical activity on academic outcomes in children and adolescents in the last two decades. We aimed to systematically determine the acute effects of physical activity on academic outcomes in school-aged youth and to examine possible moderators. Methods We conducted a systematic search using PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO databases (from inception to 11th January 2023) for studies assessing the acute effects of physical activity on academic performance-related outcomes in school-aged youth. A univariate and multivariate meta-analysis was conducted based on a random-effects model with restricted maximum likelihood used to pool the academic outcomes results (Hedge's g). Results We included 11 articles (803 children and adolescents [range: 6–16 years]) in the systematic review. Overall, acute physical activity increased academic outcomes (Hedge's g = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.20–0.50). Multivariate meta-analyses revealed that physical activity increased academic performance in mathematics (Hedge's g = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.16–0.42) and language (Hedge's g = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.09–0.47). Only behavior change techniques (Hedge's g = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.18–0.90, p < 0.001) played a significant role in this relationship. Conclusions A single bout of physical activity can improve academic outcomes in school-aged youth, which may serve as a complementary tool for the educational field. However, the observed heterogeneity in the results indicates that we should interpret the findings obtained with caution. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by a postdoctoral contract granted by Junta de Andalucía (PAIDI 2020, POST-DOC_21_00725 to JSM). This research was funded by MCIN/ AEI /10.13039/501100011033/ and by FEDER Una manera de hacer Europa under grant number PID2021- 123357OA- I00. AGH is a Miguel Servet Fellow (Instituto de Salud Carlos III – CP18/0150). DRL is funded by a National Health and Medical Research Council Senior Re-search Fellowship (APP1154507). ...
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