Experimental introgression in Drosophila : asymmetric postzygotic isolation associated with chromosomal inversions and an incompatibility locus on the X chromosome
Poikela, N., Laetsch, D. R., Kankare, M., Hoikkala, A., & Lohse, K. (2023). Experimental introgression in Drosophila : asymmetric postzygotic isolation associated with chromosomal inversions and an incompatibility locus on the X chromosome. Molecular Ecology, 32(4), 854-866. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.16803
Published inMolecular Ecology
© 2022 The Authors. Molecular Ecology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Interspecific gene flow (introgression) is an important source of new genetic variation, but selection against it can reinforce reproductive barriers between interbreeding species. We used an experimental approach to trace the role of chromosomal inversions and incompatibility genes in preventing introgression between two partly sympatric Drosophila virilis group species, D. flavomontana and D. montana. We backcrossed F1 hybrid females from a cross between D. flavomontana female and D. montana male with the males of the parental species for two generations and sequenced pools of parental strains and their reciprocal 2nd generation backcross (BC2mon and BC2fla) females. Contrasting the observed amount of introgression (mean hybrid index, HI) in BC2 female pools along the genome to simulations under different scenarios allowed us to identify chromosomal regions of restricted and increased introgression. We found no deviation from the HI expected under a neutral null model for any chromosome for the BC2mon pool, suggesting no evidence for genetic incompatibilities in backcrosses towards D. montana. In contrast, the BC2fla pool showed high variation in the observed HI between different chromosomes, and massive reduction of introgression on the X chromosome (large X-effect). This observation is compatible with reduced recombination combined with at least one dominant incompatibility locus residing within the X inversion(s). Overall, our study suggests that genetic incompatibilities arising within chromosomal inversions can play an important role in speciation. ...
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF; Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingAcademy of Finland, Grant/Award Number: 267244, 268214 and 322980; Emil Aaltosen Säätiö; Natural Environment Research Council, Grant/Award Number: NE/L011522/
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