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dc.contributor.authorMikkola, Marko
dc.contributor.authorEllonen, Noora
dc.contributor.authorKaakinen, Markus
dc.contributor.authorSavolainen, Iina
dc.contributor.authorSirola, Anu
dc.contributor.authorZych, Izabela
dc.contributor.authorPaek, Hye-Jin
dc.contributor.authorOksanen, Atte
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-16T07:35:19Z
dc.date.available2022-11-16T07:35:19Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationMikkola, M., Ellonen, N., Kaakinen, M., Savolainen, I., Sirola, A., Zych, I., Paek, H.-J., & Oksanen, A. (2022). Cyberharassment Victimization on Three Continents : An Integrative Approach. <i>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</i>, <i>19</i>(19), Article 12138. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912138" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912138</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_159494946
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83933
dc.description.abstractThis article introduces and applies an integrative model of cyberharassment victimization. The model combines routine activity theory (RAT), the general theory of crime (GTC), and the personal resources approach to analyze risk factors for victimization while acknowledging the protective role of a sense of mastery. Survey respondents were aged 15 to 25 years (N = 4816) from the U.S., Finland, Spain, and South Korea. Logistic regression models were used to analyze cyberharassment victimization. RAT-related factors were positively associated with cyberharassment victimization. Low self-control was positively associated with cyberharassment victimization in the U.S., Finland, and Spain but not in South Korea. The sense of mastery was negatively associated with cyberharassment victimization in the U.S., Finland, and South Korea but not in Spain. Protective factors against cyberharassment victimization should be utilized in future studies as adequate knowledge of protective factors could assist policymakers in generating preventative measures against cyberharassment. Our study demonstrates the benefits of integrating criminological theories and protective factors in studies using cross-national data to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of cyberharassment.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.othercyberharassment
dc.subject.othervictimization
dc.subject.otherroutine activity theory
dc.subject.othergeneral theory of crime
dc.subject.othersense of mastery
dc.titleCyberharassment Victimization on Three Continents : An Integrative Approach
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202211165228
dc.contributor.laitosYhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Social Sciences and Philosophyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1661-7827
dc.relation.numberinseries19
dc.relation.volume19
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysokansainvälinen vertailu
dc.subject.ysoitsehallinta
dc.subject.ysouhrit
dc.subject.ysonettikiusaaminen
dc.subject.ysoimpulsiivisuus
dc.subject.ysohäirintä
dc.subject.ysopsykososiaaliset tekijät
dc.subject.ysokriminaalipsykologia
dc.subject.ysokriminologia
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p19660
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p17219
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p16056
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21214
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24801
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p11442
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4391
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21471
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8842
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/ijerph191912138
jyx.fundinginformationThe Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Problem Gambling, and Social Media Project 2017–2020 funded this research.


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