Developmental associations of accelerometer measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary time with cardiorespiratory fitness in schoolchildren
Gråstén, A., Huhtiniemi, M., Kolunsarka, I., & Jaakkola, T. (2022). Developmental associations of accelerometer measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary time with cardiorespiratory fitness in schoolchildren. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25(11), 884-889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2022.08.015
Published inJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
© 2022 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Sports Medicine Australia.
Objectives This study examined the developmental associations of accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in schoolchildren. Design A three-year follow-up study. Methods Participants were 446 (girls 57 %) Finnish children (M = 11.26 ± 0.32 years) from 17 randomly selected public schools in Finland. Accelerometer-based MVPA and ST were assessed using waist-worn activity monitors and CRF using the 20 m shuttle run test at four measurement points from 2017 to 2020. The developmental associations were tested using the Random Intercept Cross-Lagged Panel Model (RI-CLPM) reflecting MVPA, CRF, and ST overall levels and repeated measures over time. Results The key findings were 1) MVPA was positively associated with CRF, whereas ST was negatively associated with CRF; 2) associations between repeated measures of MVPA and ST with CRF were found only at the final time point; 3) CRF was lower in girls than boys, CRF and MVPA were lower in children with higher BMI, and vice versa; and 4) CRF was higher in children who were still experiencing or had already passed their peak growth spurt than children whose growth spurts had not yet begun. Conclusions The results contribute to the growing evidence of a positive developmental association between MVPA engagement and CRF. Furthermore, the inverse association between ST and CRF calls for the avoidance of excessive sedentary behaviour. More effort should be made to promote physically active lifestyles in children and youth. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland in 2017 to 2021.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Longitudinal associations among cardiorespiratory fitness and objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity of Finnish schoolchildren Jaakkola, Timo; Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Salin, Kasper (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2022)Children and adolescents' engagement in physical activity has decreased in most Western countries across the previous three decades. Therefore, increasing number of researchers are investigating antecedents of physical ...
Developmental associations of actual motor competence and perceived physical competence with health-related fitness in schoolchildren over a four-year follow-up Gråstén, Arto; Kolunsarka, Iiris; Huhtiniemi, Mikko; Jaakkola, Timo (Elsevier BV, 2022)The developmental associations between actual motor competence (MC), perceived physical competence (PC), and health-related fitness (HRF) in schoolchildren were investigated over a four-year period. Participants were 1147 ...
Longitudinal associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and cardiorespiratory fitness with arterial health in children : the PANIC study Korhonen, Marika; Väistö, Juuso; Veijalainen, Aapo; Leppänen, Marja; Ekelund, Ulf; Laukkanen, Jari A.; Brage, Soren; Lintu, Niina; Haapala, Eero A.; Lakka, Timo A. (Routledge, Taylor & Francis, 2021)We investigated the longitudinal associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with arterial health among children. In our primary analyses, we investigated 245 children ...
Accelerometer-based osteogenic indices, moderate-to-vigorous and vigorous physical activity, and bone traits in adolescents Haapala; Eero, A.; Rantalainen, Timo; Hesketh, Kylie D.; Rodda, Christine P.; Duckham, Rachel L. (Hylonome Publications, 2022)Objectives: We investigated the associations of accelerometry-derived osteogenic indices (OIs), moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA), and vigorous intensity physical activity (VPA) with peripheral quantitative computed tomography ...
The effect of a movement-to-music video program on the objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity of preschool-aged children and their mothers : A randomized controlled trial Tuominen, Pipsa; Husu, Pauliina; Raitanen, Jani; Kujala, Urho; Luoto, Riitta M. (Public Library of Science, 2017)Regular physical activity (PA) and the avoidance of prolonged sitting are essential for children’s healthy growth, and for the physical and mental wellbeing of both children and adults. In the context of exercise, music ...