Social–ecological connections across land, water, and sea demand a reprioritization of environmental management
Gladstone-Gallagher, R. V., Tylianakis, J. M., Yletyinen, J., Dakos, V., Douglas, E. J., Greenhalgh, S., Hewitt, J. E., Hikuroa, D., Lade, S. J., Le Heron, R., Norkko, A., Perry, G. L. W., Pilditch, C. A., Schiel, D., Siwicka, E., Warburton, H., & Thrush, S. F. (2022). Social–ecological connections across land, water, and sea demand a reprioritization of environmental management. Elementa, 10, Article 00075. https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00075
© 2022 The Author(s).
Despite many sectors of society striving for sustainability in environmental management, humans often fail to identify and act on the connections and processes responsible for social–ecological tipping points. Part of the problem is the fracturing of environmental management and social–ecological research into ecosystem domains (land, freshwater, and sea), each with different scales and resolution of data acquisition and distinct management approaches. We present a perspective on the social–ecological connections across ecosystem domains that emphasize the need for management reprioritization to effectively connect these domains. We identify critical nexus points related to the drivers of tipping points, scales of governance, and the spatial and temporal dimensions of social–ecological processes. We combine real-world examples and a simple dynamic model to illustrate the implications of slow management responses to environmental impacts that traverse ecosystem domains. We end with guidance on management and research opportunities that arise from this cross-domain lens to foster greater opportunity to achieve environmental and sustainability goals. ...
PublisherUniversity of California Press
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Additional information about fundingThe workshop was funded by the New Zealand National Science Challenges: Sustainable Seas (Tipping Points Project; CO1X1515; ST) and New Zealands's Biological Heritage (Project 3.1; 1516-44-004; JT), established by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Enterprise, New Zealand. The writing of this manuscript was also funded by the Sustainable Seas National Science Challenge Project 1.1: Ecological responses to cumulative effects (C01X1901). RG-G was supported by the New Zealand Rutherford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship and the Walter and Andrée de Nottbeck Foundation during the writing of this manuscript. ...
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