Activity level in left auditory cortex predicts behavioral performance in inhibition tasks in children
van Bijnen, S., Parkkonen, L., & Parviainen, T. (2022). Activity level in left auditory cortex predicts behavioral performance in inhibition tasks in children. Neuroimage, 258, Article 119371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119371
DisciplineMonitieteinen aivotutkimuskeskusPsykologiaCentre for Interdisciplinary Brain ResearchPsychology
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Sensory processing during development is important for the emerging cognitive skills underlying goal-directed behavior. Yet, it is not known how auditory processing in children is related to their cognitive functions. Here, we utilized combined magneto- and electroencephalographic (M/EEG) measurements in school-aged children (6-14y) to show that child auditory cortical activity at ∼250 ms after auditory stimulation predicts the performance in inhibition tasks. While unaffected by task demands, the amplitude of the left-hemisphere activation pattern was significantly correlated with the variability of behavioral response time. Since this activation pattern is typically not present in adults, our results suggest divergent brain mechanisms in adults and children for consistent performance in auditory-based cognitive tasks. This difference can be explained as a shift in cortical resources for cognitive control from sensorimotor associations in the auditory cortex of children to top–down regulated control processes involving (pre)frontal and cingulate areas in adults. ...
Dataset(s) related to the publicationhttps://osf.io/rhb5z/
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Related funder(s)European Commission; Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research profiles, AoF
The content of the publication reflects only the author’s view. The funder is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by EU project ChildBrain (Horizon2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Action (MSCA) Innovative Training Network (ITN) – European Training Network (ETN), grant agreement no. 641652) and the Academy of Finland grant number 311877.
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