The association between appendicitis severity and patient age with appendiceal neoplasm histology : a population-based study
Alajääski, J., Lietzén, E., Grönroos, J. M., Mecklin, J.-P., Leppäniemi, A., Nordström, P., Rautio, T., Rantanen, T., Sand, J., Paajanen, H., Ollila, H., & Salminen, P. (2022). The association between appendicitis severity and patient age with appendiceal neoplasm histology : a population-based study. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 37(5), 1173-1180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-022-04132-8
Published inInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
© The Author(s) 2022
Purpose Recent studies have reported alarming appendiceal tumor rates associated with complicated acute appendicitis, especially in patients presenting with a periappendicular abscess. However, the data on histology of appendiceal tumors among acute appendicitis patients is limited, especially in patient cohorts differentiating between uncomplicated and complicated acute appendicitis. We have previously reported the association of increased appendiceal tumor prevalence with complicated acute appendicitis in this population-based study. The objective of this secondary analysis was to evaluate the association of both appendicitis severity and patient age with appendiceal tumor histology. Methods This nationwide population-based registry study (The Finnish Cancer Registry) was conducted from 2007 to 2013. All appendiceal tumors (n = 840) and available medical reports (n = 504) of these patients at eight study hospitals were previously evaluated, identifying altogether 250 patients with both acute appendicitis and appendiceal tumor. Results The severity of acute appendicitis was significantly associated with more malignant tumor histology. The risk of adenocarcinoma or pseudomyxoma was significantly higher among patients with periappendicular abscess (OR 15.05, CI 95% 6.98–32.49, p < 0.001) and patients presenting with perforated acute appendicitis (OR 4.09, CI 95% 1.69–9.90, p = 0.0018) compared to patients with uncomplicated acute appendicitis. Similarly, patient age over 40 years was significantly associated with the risk of adenocarcinoma and pseudomyxoma (OR 26.46, Cl 95% 7.95–88.09, p < 0.001). Patient sex was not associated with a more malignant appendiceal tumor histology (p = 0.67). Conclusion More malignant appendiceal tumor histology of adenocarcinoma or pseudomyxoma was significantly associated with patient age over 40 years and complicated acute appendicitis, especially periappendicular abscess. ...
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Additional information about fundingOpen Access funding provided by University of Turku (UTU) including Turku University Central Hospital. This study was supported by the Finnish Government Research Grant (EVO Foundation) awarded to Satasairaala Central Hospital, Pori, Finland.
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