Disentangling Law and Religion in the Rohingya Case at the International Criminal Court
Pérez-León-Acevedo, J.-P., & Pinto, T. A. (2021). Disentangling Law and Religion in the Rohingya Case at the International Criminal Court. Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 39(4), 458-480. https://doi.org/10.1080/18918131.2021.1997502
Published inNordic Journal of Human Rights
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
The Rohingya are one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. Military campaigns conducted by Myanmar against the Rohingya have led to numerous deaths, widespread cases of sexual violence, the destruction of hundreds of villages, and the deportation of more than 700,000 people to Bangladesh. These events have triggered proceedings at the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC has arguably failed to address the religious dimensions of crimes and facts in some of its previous jurisprudence appropriately. The entanglement of law and religion at the ICC may lead to an impoverished ratio decidendi and disregard for the victims’ claims. We hence argue that, by disentangling law and religion in the proceedings related to the Rohingya, the ICC may be able to enhance the consideration of both elements. This approach should result in (1) appropriate fact-finding related to the Rohingya’s identity on ethnic and religious grounds as well as religious dimensions of mass atrocities; (2) attribution of criminal responsibility for serious violations of human rights, including rights related to the Rohingya’s religious identity, which constitute international crimes; and (3) reparations for victims to redress harm inflicted on them. ...
Myanmar Rohingya International Criminal Court religious persecution international criminal law human rights freedom of religion law and religion kansainvälinen rikosoikeus etniset ryhmät ihmisoikeudet rohingat sotarikokset uskonnonvapaus kansainväliset tuomioistuimet kansalliset vähemmistöt uskonvainot etniset puhdistukset kansainvälinen oikeus
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis work was partially funded by the Academy of Finland (FI ) [grant number 325535: ‘Negotiating International Criminal Law: A courtroom ethnography of trial performance at the International Criminal Court’]. PluriCourts (Norwegian Research Council project 223274), University of Oslo, is also thanked for granting access to some (online) academic literature.
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