Frame analysis of psychotherapists’ perspectives on the development of psychological disorders
Riachi, E., Holma, J., & Laitila, A. (2021). Frame analysis of psychotherapists’ perspectives on the development of psychological disorders. Current Psychology, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02222-4
Published inCurrent Psychology
© 2021 the Authors
The development of psychological disorders has been explained by several psychological theories and remains under debate. Psychotherapists, however, have insights into the emergence and development of psychological disorders that stem from both theory and practice. The constantly evolving field of psychotherapy prompts reconsideration, specifically when psychotherapists’ views on the development of disorders impacts their treatment approach. In addition, theoretical orientation and years of clinical experience, while known to influence psychotherapists’ viewpoints also merit further study. Applying Erving Goffman’s frame analysis, semi structured interviews with psychotherapists were conducted to determine their perspectives on the emergence of mental disorders. Biological, environmental, and psychological factors were mentioned both separately and in combination by the therapists. These factors, or frames, were then analyzed in relation to the therapists’ therapeutic approaches and length of clinical experience. The analysis showed that the frames employed by the therapists were influenced by several therapeutic orientations. Moreover, therapists with more than ten years of clinical experience mentioned a combination of factors slightly more often than single factors alone. In sum, the findings showed that therapists perceived the development of mental disorders as highly complex and as an outcome of multiple factors. War was also mentioned as an environmental factor in the development of mental disorders. As this finding was clearly a country-specific environmental factor, future studies should explore the possible role of country-specific environmental factors in different countries. ...
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
psychotherapists perspective of psychotherapists development of psychological disorders psychological disorders frame analysis qualitative research mielenterveyshäiriöt tunne-elämän häiriöt psykologiset tekijät kehysanalyysi psykologiset teoriat terapeutit psykoterapeutit ympäristötekijät hoitomenetelmät psykoterapia
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Additional information about fundingOpen access funding provided by University of Jyväskylä (JYU).
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