Perceived Opportunities for Physical Activity and Willingness to Be More Active in Older Adults with Different Physical Activity Levels
Aartolahti, E., Eronen, J., Törmäkangas, T., Rantanen, T., Hirvensalo, M., Palmberg, L., Skantz, H., Viljanen, A., Portegijs, E., Iwarsson, S., & Rantakokko, M. (2021). Perceived Opportunities for Physical Activity and Willingness to Be More Active in Older Adults with Different Physical Activity Levels. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(11), Article 6146. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18116146
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveysFysioterapiaLiikuntapedagogiikkaGerontologian tutkimuskeskusGerontology and Public HealthPhysiotherapySport PedagogyGerontology Research Center
© 2021 the Authors
This study examined equity in physical activity (PA) by investigating whether perceived opportunity for PA was associated with willingness to be more active. Among community residents (75, 80, or 85 years old, n = 962) perceived opportunity for PA (poor and good), willingness to be more active (not at all, a bit, and a lot), and level of PA (low, moderate, and high) were assessed via questionnaires. Multinomial logistic regression showed that physical activity moderated the association between poor opportunity and willingness to increase PA. Among those with moderate PA, poor opportunity for PA increased the odds of willingness to be a lot more active (multinomial odds ratio, mOR 3.90, 95% confidence interval 2.21–6.87) than not wanting to be more active compared to those perceiving good opportunities. Associations were similar at high PA levels (p < 0.001), but were not found at low PA levels. Those with moderate or high PA wish to increase their activity particularly when the perceived opportunities for activity are not optimal. Among those with low PA, perceived opportunities are not associated with a perceived need to increase physical activity. Increasing equity in physical activity in old age requires provision of support and opportunities at every level of physical activity. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Postdoctoral Researcher, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis study was conducted in collaboration of two research projects: Equality in Participation in Physical Activity in Old Age (Equal-Part) research project funded by Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (P.I. M.R.) and Active Aging—Resilience and external support as modifiers of the disablement outcome (AGNES) research project funded by European Research Council as an Advanced grant to T.R. In addition, funding has been obtained from Academy of Finland (personal grant number 285747 to M.R.) and Finnish Ministry of Education (P.I. E.P.) ...
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