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dc.contributor.authorTyrväinen, Heli
dc.contributor.authorUotinen, Sanna
dc.contributor.authorValkonen, Leena
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-20T05:40:34Z
dc.date.available2021-05-20T05:40:34Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationTyrväinen, H., Uotinen, S., & Valkonen, L. (2021). Instructor Presence in a Virtual Classroom. <i>Open Education Studies</i>, <i>3</i>(1), 132-146. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1515/edu-2020-0146" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1515/edu-2020-0146</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_83400538
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75763
dc.description.abstractSynchronous online learning platforms have been used actively during the COVID-19 period. They have opened possibilities for online learning and interaction, but have also posed new challenges for instructors. This article provides insights into one teacher’s interactions and examines how the instructor presence is expressed in the teachers’ activities in virtual classrooms in higher education. Instructor presence is investigated using the social and teaching presence indicators of the community of inquiry (CoI) framework. Twelve hours of interactions across six online classes were recorded, transcribed, and analysed using content analysis. The findings suggest that indicators of teaching presence dominate interactions in a virtual classroom, but it often involves co-occurrences of indicators of social presence. The typical features of instructor presence included addressing students by name, encouraging them, expressing gratitude for and acknowledging their contributions, describing actions on the dashboard, clarifying and summarising content, and responding to technical concerns. These findings may suggest holistic and pedagogical ways to understand and develop synchronous online interactions and teaching and learning practices. They also have implications for the skills instructors need in virtual classrooms.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherWalter de Gruyter GmbH
dc.relation.ispartofseriesOpen Education Studies
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.othersocial presence
dc.subject.otherteaching presence
dc.subject.otherinstructor presence
dc.subject.othervirtual classroom
dc.subject.othersynchronous interaction
dc.titleInstructor Presence in a Virtual Classroom
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202105203026
dc.contributor.laitosAvoin yliopistofi
dc.contributor.laitosOpen Universityen
dc.contributor.oppiaineKasvatustiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiaineEducationen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange132-146
dc.relation.issn2544-7831
dc.relation.numberinseries1
dc.relation.volume3
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 Heli Tyrväinen, Sanna Uotinen, Leena Valkonen, published by De Gruyter
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoverkko-opetus
dc.subject.ysoluokkatyöskentely
dc.subject.ysovirtuaaliympäristö
dc.subject.ysoopettajat
dc.subject.ysososiaalinen vuorovaikutus
dc.subject.ysoläsnäolo
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6621
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p568
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24778
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p1117
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10590
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9266
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1515/edu-2020-0146


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0