Training-Induced Acute Neuromuscular Responses to Military Specific Test during a Six-Month Military Operation
Pihlainen, Kai; Pesola, Arto J.; Helén, Joonas; Häkkinen, Keijo; Finni, Taija; Ojanen, Tommi; Vaara, Jani P.; Santtila, Matti; Raitanen, Jani; Kyröläinen, Heikki (2021). Training-Induced Acute Neuromuscular Responses to Military Specific Test during a Six-Month Military Operation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (1), 215. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18010215
DisciplineBiomekaniikkaLiikuntafysiologiaValmennus- ja testausoppiBiomechanicsExercise PhysiologyScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness Testing
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Limited data are available regarding strength and endurance training adaptations to occupational physical performance during deployment. This study assessed acute training-induced changes in neuromuscular (electromyography; EMG) and metabolic (blood lactate, BLa) responses during a high-intensity military simulation test (MST), performed in the beginning (PRE) and at the end (POST) of a six-month crisis-management operation. MST time shortened (145 ± 21 vs. 129 ± 16 s, −10 ± 7%, p < 0.001) during the operation. Normalized muscle activity increased from PRE to POST in the hamstring muscles by 87 ± 146% (116 ± 52 vs. 195 ± 139%EMGMVC, p < 0.001) and in the quadriceps by 54 ± 81% (26 ± 8 vs. 40 ± 20%EMGMVC, p < 0.001). In addition, higher acute BLa values were measured after MST during POST. Changes in BLa and EMG suggested an increased neural input and metabolic rate during POST MST, likely leading to faster performance times at the end of the operation. High EMG values throughout the different phases of MST suggested that despite the anaerobic nature of the test, the soldiers were able to maintain their voluntary muscle activation level until the end of the test. This indicates only limited neural fatigue during the two-minute high-intensity military specific performance. While learning effect may explain some part of the improvement in the MST performance times, combined strength and endurance training three times per week may improve neuromuscular performance in occupationally relevant tasks. ...
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