Effects of a School-Based Intervention on Motivation for Out-of-School Physical Activity Participation
Barkoukis, V., Chatzisarantis, N., & Hagger, M. S. (2021). Effects of a School-Based Intervention on Motivation for Out-of-School Physical Activity Participation. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 92(3), 477-491. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2020.1751029
Published inResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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Purpose: We tested the effects of an autonomy-supportive intervention in physical education (PE) on high-school students’ autonomous motivation in PE, and their autonomous motivation, intentions, and physical activity (PA) behavior in a leisure time guided by the trans-contextual model. Method: PE classes in two schools were assigned to receive either an autonomy-supportive intervention and/or a control intervention via random allocation by the school. The PE teacher of the school assigned to the autonomy-supportive intervention was trained to provide autonomy support while the PE teacher of the school assigned to the control intervention received no training. Students (N = 256) in all classes completed measures of perceived teacher autonomy support, autonomous motivation in PE and leisure time, and beliefs, intentions, and PA in leisure time before and immediately after the intervention. Results: Results revealed direct effects of the autonomy-supportive intervention on changes in perceived autonomy support. However, there were no direct intervention effects on change in intentions and PA behavior. The intervention also had indirect effects on changes in autonomous motivation in PE and leisure time. Additionally, change in perceived autonomy support had direct effects on change in autonomous motivation in PE and indirect effects on change in leisure-time autonomous motivation. Changes in autonomous motivation in leisure time had direct effects on changes in beliefs and indirect effects on changes in intentions and PA behavior through changes in beliefs. Conclusion: The study provides valuable information on the effect of autonomous supportive climate on students’ beliefs toward PA in PE lessons and in their leisure time outside of school. ...
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Additional information about fundingMartin Hagger’s contribution was supported by a Finnish Distinguished Professor (FiDiPro) award from Business Finland (1801/31/2015).
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