Clusters of Adolescent Physical Activity Tracker Patterns and Their Associations With Physical Activity Behaviors in Finland and Ireland : Cross-Sectional Study
Ng, K., Kokko, S., Tammelin, T., Kallio, J., Belton, S., O'Brien, W., Murphy, M., Powell, C., & Woods, C. (2020). Clusters of Adolescent Physical Activity Tracker Patterns and Their Associations With Physical Activity Behaviors in Finland and Ireland : Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(9), Article e18509. https://doi.org/10.2196/18509
Published inJournal of Medical Internet Research
Ng, Kwok |
© Kwok Ng, Sami Kokko, Tuija Tammelin, Jouni Kallio, Sarahjane Belton, Wesley O'Brien, Marie Murphy, Cormac Powell, Catherine Woods. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 01.09.2020.
Background: Physical activity trackers (PATs), such as applications (Apps) and wearable devices (e.g. sport watches and heart rate monitors), are increasingly being used by young adolescents. Despite the potential to monitor and improve moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) behaviours, there is a lack of research that confirms an association between PATs ownership or use, and physical activity (PA) behaviours at a population level. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine ownership and use of PATs in youth, and the associations with PA behaviours including daily MVPA, sport club membership and active travel, in two nationally representative samples of young adolescent males and females in Finland and Ireland. Methods: Comparable data were gathered in the Finnish School-aged Physical Activity (F-SPA 2018; n=3311) and the Irish Children’s Sport Participation and Physical Activity (CSPPA 2018; n=4797) studies. A cluster analysis was performed to obtain the patterns of PAT ownership and usage by adolescents (age 11y –15y). Four similar clusters were identified across Finnish and Irish adolescents: 1) no PAT, 2) PAT owners, 3) Apps users, and 4) wearable device users. Adjusted binary logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate how PATs clusters were associated with PA behaviours, including daily MVPA, membership of sport clubs and active travel, after stratification by gender. Results: The amount of Apps ownership among Finnish adolescents (61.5%) was almost double that of their Irish counterparts (36.2%). Apps and wearable device users were, respectively, more likely to take part in daily MVPA (males: OR=1.27, CI=1.04-1.55; OR=1.83, CI=1.49-2.23; females: OR=1.49, CI=1.20-1.85; OR=2.25, CI=1.80-2.82), be members of sport clubs (males: OR=1.37, CI=1.15-1.62; OR=1.88, 1.55-2.28; females: OR=1.25, CI=1.07-1.50; OR=2.07, CI=1.71-2.52), compared to no PAT cluster, after adjusting for country, age, family affluence and disabilities. Significant associations were observed between male wearable device users and taking part in active travel behaviours (OR=1.39, CI=1.04-1.86). Conclusions: Although Finnish adolescents report more ownership of PAT than Irish adolescents, the patterns of use and ownership remain similar. PA behaviours were positively associated with wearable devices users and Apps users. These findings were similar between males and females. Given the cross-sectional nature of this data, the relationship between using Apps or wearable devices and enhancing PA behaviours remains unclear. Clinical Trial: Not necessary ...
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Related funder(s)Ministry of Education and Culture
Additional information about fundingF-SPA and CSPPA study research teams involved in the data collection. Data collection of F-SPA 2018 was funded from Ministry of Education and Culture (grant number: OKM/23/626/2018) involving researchers from University of Jyvaskyla, LIKES research centre for physical activity, and UKK institute. The CSPPA 2018 study was funded by Sport Ireland – Department of Transport Tourism and Sport, Healthy Ireland – Department of Health and Sport Northern Ireland involving researchers from the University of Limerick, University College Cork, Dublin City University and Ulster University. ...
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