How listening to music and engagement with other media provide a sense of belonging : An exploratory study of social surrogacy
Schäfer, K., & Eerola, T. (2020). How listening to music and engagement with other media provide a sense of belonging : An exploratory study of social surrogacy. Psychology of Music, 48(2), 232-251. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735618795036
Published inPsychology of Music
© The Author(s) 2018
The social surrogacy hypothesis holds that people resort to temporary substitutes, so-called social surrogates, if direct social interaction is not possible. In this exploratory study, we investigate social motives for listening to music in comparison to watching TV and reading fiction. Thirty statements about possible social reasons for the engagement with media were compiled. After 374 participants had rated their agreement with those statements, they were reduced to seven categories: Company, Shared experiences, Understanding others, Reminiscence, Isolation, Group identity, and Culture. The results propose that music is used as temporary substitute for social interaction alongside TV programs and fiction, but that it acts differently. Music listening might act as a social surrogate by evoking memories of relationship partners or through identification processes. There are overlapping motives between the domains, but the elicitation of nostalgia appears to be unique to music listening. The results motivate further investigation into the effects of music listening on socio-emotional well-being. ...
PublisherSage Publications Ltd.
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF
Additional information about fundingThe author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: From the Academy of Finland (Grant No. 270220).
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