Diagrammatic Expansion for Positive Spectral Functions in the Steady-State Limit
Hyrkäs, M., Karlsson, D., & van Leeuwen, R. (2019). Diagrammatic Expansion for Positive Spectral Functions in the Steady-State Limit. Physica Status Solidi. B: Basic Research, 256 (7), 1800615. doi:10.1002/pssb.201800615
Published inPhysica Status Solidi. B: Basic Research
© 2019 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Recently, a method was presented for constructing self‐energies within many‐body perturbation theory that is guaranteed to produce a positive spectral function for equilibrium systems, by representing the self‐energy as a product of half‐diagrams on the forward and backward branches of the Keldysh contour [Phys. Rev. B 2014, 90, 115134]. An alternative half‐diagram representation that is based on products of retarded diagrams is derived here. This approach extends the method to systems out of equilibrium. When a steady‐state limit exists, it is shown that our approach yields a positive definite spectral function in the frequency domain.
PublisherWiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
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