Consistency tendency and the theory of planned behavior : a randomized controlled crossover trial in a physical activity context
Chan, D. K. C., Stenling, A., Yusainy, C., Hikmiah, Z., Ivarsson, A., Hagger, M. S., Rhodes, R. E., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2020). Consistency tendency and the theory of planned behavior : a randomized controlled crossover trial in a physical activity context. Psychology and Health, 35(6), 665-684. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2019.1677904
Published inPsychology and Health
© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Objective: This study examined the effects of consistency tendency on the predictive power of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in relation to physical activity behavior. Methods: In this randomized controlled cross-over trial, we recruited 770 undergraduate students from Indonesia who were randomly assigned into two groups. Participants completed physical activity versions of TPB measures at T1 (baseline) and T2 (post 1 week), and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire at T3 (post 1 month). At T1 and T2, the TPB questions were either presented in ensemble-order (i.e., consistency tendency supressed) or alternate-order (i.e., consistency tendency facilitated). Results: The parameter estimates of the model (CFI > .92, TLI > .90, SRMR < .08, RMSEA < .08) aligned with the tenets of TPB. As compared to ensemble-order, a TPB measured in alternate-order yielded stronger cross-sectional relationships, but this pattern did not appear in the prospective relationships in TPB (i.e., intention/perceived behavioral control and behavior). Conclusions: Consistency tendency inflated the factor correlations of cross-sectionally measured TPB variables, but the inflation was not observed in the prospective prediction of behavior. Health psychology questionnaires with items presented in ensemble order may represent a viable means of reducing the confounding effect of consistency tendency. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis project is supported by (1) Seed Funding of Basic Research of The University of Hong Kong [104004966.092935.22400.301.01] awarded to Dr Derwin Chan and Prof Ryan Rhodes, and (2) World Class University Funding Program for International Research Publication of Brawijaya University, Indonesia awarded to Dr. Cleoputri Yusainy.
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