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dc.contributor.authorMasip, Guiomar
dc.contributor.authorKeski-Rahkonen, Anna
dc.contributor.authorPietiläinen, Kirsi H.
dc.contributor.authorKujala, Urho M.
dc.contributor.authorRottensteiner, Mirva
dc.contributor.authorVäisänen, Karoliina
dc.contributor.authorKaprio, Jaakko
dc.contributor.authorBogl, Leonie H.
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-30T07:45:46Z
dc.date.available2019-10-30T07:45:46Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationMasip, Guiomar; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna; Pietiläinen, Kirsi H.; Kujala, Urho M.; Rottensteiner, Mirva; Väisänen, Karoliina; Kaprio, Jaakko; Bogl, Leonie H. (2019). Development of a Food-Based Diet Quality Score from a Short FFQ and Associations with Obesity Measures, Eating Styles and Nutrient Intakes in Finnish Twins. Nutrients, 11 (11), 2561. DOI: 10.3390/nu11112561
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_33321413
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66104
dc.description.abstractWe constructed a food-based diet quality score (DQS) and examined its association with obesity measures, eating styles and nutrient intakes. Participants were 3592 individuals (764 dizygotic [DZ] and 430 monozygotic [MZ] twin pairs) from the FinnTwin16 study. The DQS (0–12 points) was constructed from a short 14 item food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric measures and eating styles were self-reported. Nutrient intakes were calculated from food diaries completed in a subsample of 249 individuals (45 same-sex DZ and 60 MZ twin pairs). Twins were analyzed both as individuals and as twin pairs. The DQS was inversely associated with body mass index (β = −0.12, per one-unit increase in DQS, p < 0.001), waist circumference (β = −0.34, p < 0.001), obesity (odds ratio [OR]: 0.95, p = 0.004) and abdominal obesity (OR: 0.88, p < 0.001), independent of sex, age, physical activity and education. A higher DQS was associated with health-conscious eating, having breakfast, less snacking, fewer evening meals, and a higher frequency and regularity of eating. The DQS was positively correlated with the intakes of protein, fiber and magnesium and negatively correlated with the intakes of total fat, saturated fat and sucrose. Within twin pairs, most of the associations between the DQS with eating styles and some nutrients remained, but the DQS was not associated with obesity measures within twin pairs. The DQS is an easy-to-use tool for ranking adults according to diet quality and shows an association with obesity measures, eating styles and key nutrients in the expected direction.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNutrients
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherobesity
dc.subject.othereating behaviors
dc.subject.otherdiet quality score
dc.subject.othernutrient intake
dc.subject.othertwins
dc.subject.othershort FFQ
dc.subject.otherBMI
dc.subject.otherwaist
dc.titleDevelopment of a Food-Based Diet Quality Score from a Short FFQ and Associations with Obesity Measures, Eating Styles and Nutrient Intakes in Finnish Twins
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201910304669
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2072-6643
dc.relation.numberinseries11
dc.relation.volume11
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoylipaino
dc.subject.ysolihavuus
dc.subject.ysoruokavaliot
dc.subject.ysokaksostutkimus
dc.subject.ysoravintoaineet
dc.subject.ysoruokatottumukset
dc.subject.ysosyöminen
dc.subject.ysoravintoarvo
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p826
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p823
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3790
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18525
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3939
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p5527
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14372
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14080
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/nu11112561
jyx.fundinginformationThe research work has been supported by the Academy of Finland (JK, grant numbers 141054 and 264146), the Juho Vainio Foundation (GM and LHB), and the Finnish Cultural Foundation (GM, grant number 00180705). LHB would kindly like to acknowledge the funding from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF): M 2449. The FinnTwin16 wave 5 data collection and FITFATTWIN study was supported by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (UMK), META_PREDICT (within the European Union Framework Programme, HEALTH-F2-277936 to UMK), and the Juho Vainio Foundation (UMK and MR). JK has been supported by the Academy of Finland (grants 265240, 263278, 308248 and 312073). KHP has been supported by the Academy of Finland (grant numbers: 272376, 314383, 266286), Finnish Medical Foundation, Gyllenberg Foundation, Novo Nordisk Foundation, University of Helsinki, Government Research Funds, Helsinki University Hospital, Finnish Diabetes Research Foundation and Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research.


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