Negative emotional state slows down movement speed : behavioral and neural evidence
Li, X., Zhang, G., Zhou, C., & Wang, X. (2019). Negative emotional state slows down movement speed : behavioral and neural evidence. PeerJ, 7, Article e7591. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7591
© 2019 Li et al.
Background. Athletic performance is affected by emotional state. Athletes may underperform in competition due to poor emotion regulation. Movement speed plays an important role in many competition events. Flexible control of movement speed is critical for effective athletic performance. Although behavioral evidence showed that negative emotion can influence movement speed, the nature of the relationship remains controversial. Thus, the present study investigated how negative emotion affects movement speed and the neural mechanism underlying the interaction between emotion processing and movement control. Methods. The present study combined electroencephalography (EEG) technology with a cued-action task to investigate the effect of negative emotion on movement speed. In total, 21 undergraduate students were recruited for this study. Participants were asked to perform six consecutive action tasks after viewing an emotional picture. Pictures were presented in two blocks (one negative and one neutral). After the participants completed a set of tasks (neutral of negative), they were subjected to complete a 9-point self-assessment manikin scale. Participants underwent EEG while performing the tasks. Results. At the behavior level, there was a significant main effect of emotional valence on movement speed, with participants exhibiting significantly slower movements in the negative emotional condition than in the neutral condition. EEG data showed increased theta oscillation and larger P1 amplitude in response to negative than to neural images suggesting that more cognitive resources were required to process negative than neutral images. EEG data also showed a larger late CNV area in the neutral condition than in the negative condition, which suggested that there was a significant decrease in brain activation during action tasks in negative emotional condition than in the neural. While the early CNV did not reveal a significant main effect of emotional valence. Conclusion. The present results indicate that a negative emotion can slow movement, which is largely due to negative emotional processing consuming more resources than non-emotional processing and this interference effect mainly occurred in the late movement preparation phase. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Additional information about fundingThis study was supported by a grant from Project 31500911 funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
The reasoned action approach applied to health behavior : Role of past behavior and tests of some key moderators using meta-analytic structural equation modeling Hagger, Martin; Polet, Juho; Lintunen, Taru (Pergamon Press, 2018)Rationale The reasoned action approach (RAA) is a social cognitive model that outlines the determinants of intentional behavior. Primary and meta-analytic studies support RAA predictions for multiple health behaviors. ...
Sport Participation in Early and Middle Adolescence : The Interplay Between Self-perception and Psychobiosocial Experiences in Predicting Burnout Symptoms Morano, Milena; Robazza, Claudio; Ruiz, Montse C.; Bortoli, Laura (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2022)Adolescence is characterized by pubertal physical changes, cognitive development, and modified social expectations. Adolescent athletes often enter a more challenging stage of athletic development associated with increased ...
Ahola, Sirpa; Skjaerven, Liv Helvik; Piirainen, Arja (Taylor & Francis, 2022)The phenomenon of movement awareness requires more attention to make it explicit in physiotherapy. The aim of this study was to explore the variation in physiotherapists’ conceptions of movement quality, focusing on movement ...
Riachi, Eve; Holma, Juha; Laitila, Aarno (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021)The development of psychological disorders has been explained by several psychological theories and remains under debate. Psychotherapists, however, have insights into the emergence and development of psychological disorders ...
Hagger, Martin S.; Cameron, Linda D.; Hamilton, Kyra; Hankonen, Nelli; Lintunen, Taru (Cambridge University Press, 2020)Social problems in many domains, including health, education, social relationships, and the workplace, have their origins in human behavior. The documented links between behavior and social problems have sparked interest ...