Pyrolytic behavior of lignocellulosic-based polysaccharides
Ghalibaf, M., Doddapaneni, T. R. K. C., & Alén, R. (2019). Pyrolytic behavior of lignocellulosic-based polysaccharides. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 137 (1), 121-131. doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7919-y
Published inJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
© The Author(s) 2018.
The thermochemical behavior of cellulose, glucomannan, and xylan was investigated by pyrolysis–gas chromatographymass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). In each case, major GC-amenable condensable products were classified into several compound groups, and the formation of these monomer-related fragments from the model substance samples was determined at 500, 600, and 700 C with a residence time of 5 s and 20 s. The results revealed that despite some general formation trends, no compound group was selectively formed at certain temperatures. Of the 11 product groups, the primary ones, including lactone, furan, and cyclopentenone derivatives, accounted for 72–85% (from cellulose), 86–90% (from glucomannan), and 76–81% (from xylan) of the total amount of pyrolysis products determined. At 500 C, about half of the major product groups accounted for lactones, such as 3-hydroxy-2-penteno-1,5-lactone and 5H-furan-2-one. It was also confirmed by thermogravimetric analyses that within the temperature range studied, cellulose was thermally more stable than the heterogeneous hemicelluloses. These kinds of data are of importance, for example, with respect to efforts to develop new biorefinery possibilities for renewable resources. ...