Parenthood and gender inequality : Population-based evidence on the child penalty in Finland
Sieppi, A., & Pehkonen, J. (2019). Parenthood and gender inequality : Population-based evidence on the child penalty in Finland. Economics Letters, 182, 5-9. doi:10.1016/j.econlet.2019.05.034
Published inEconomics Letters
© 2019 The Authors.
This study presents evidence on the effect of parenthood on labor market outcomes in Finland. We use population-based data drawn from administrative registers and an event study design centered around the birth of the first child using the specification proposed in Kleven et al. (2019b). The study confirms that women encounter large short- and long-term child penalties in gross labor earnings and that penalties are associated with employment participation. Taxes and social security transfers considerably reduce the child penalty, which also varies by the number of children.
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