An extensive pattern of atypical neural speech-sound discrimination in newborns at risk of dyslexia
Thiede, A., Virtala, P., Ala-Kurikka, I., Partanen, E., Huotilainen, M., Mikkola, K., . . . , & Kujala, T. (2019). An extensive pattern of atypical neural speech-sound discrimination in newborns at risk of dyslexia. Clinical Neurophysiology, 130 (5), 634-646. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2019.01.019
Published inClinical Neurophysiology
Embargoed until: 2020-06-01Request copy from author
© 2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.
Objective: Identifying early signs of developmental dyslexia, associated with deficient speech-sound processing, is paramount to establish early interventions. We aimed to find early speech-sound processing deficiencies in dyslexia, expecting diminished and atypically lateralized event-related potentials (ERP) and mismatch responses (MMR) in newborns at dyslexia risk. Methods: ERPs were recorded to a pseudoword and its variants (vowel-duration, vowel-identity, and syllable-frequency changes) from 88 newborns at high or no familial risk. The response significance was tested, and group, laterality, and frontality effects were assessed with repeated-measures ANOVA. Results: An early positive and right-lateralized ERP component was elicited by standard pseudowords in both groups, the response amplitude not differing between groups. Early negative MMRs were absent in the at-risk group, and MMRs to duration changes diminished compared to controls. MMRs to vowel changes had significant laterality x group interactions resulting from right-lateralized MMRs in controls. Conclusions: The MMRs of high-risk infants were absent or diminished, and morphologically atypical, suggesting atypical neural speech-sound discrimination. Significance: This atypical neural basis for speech discrimination may contribute to impaired language development, potentially leading to future reading problems. ...