IPR gender gaps : a first look at utility model, design right and trademark filings
Heikkilä, J. (2019). IPR gender gaps : a first look at utility model, design right and trademark filings. Scientometrics, 118(3), 869-883. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-018-2979-0
© The Author(s) 2018
This study extends the analysis of the gender gap in patenting into design rights, utility model (UMs) and trademarks (TMs), which are complementary methods for protecting intellectual property. The analysis is descriptive and uses register data from the Finnish patent and registration office covering the years 1982–2013. A persistent gender gap is found for all intellectual property rights. The gap has narrowed over time for national patent, design right and TM filings but not for UM filings. It is found that, in comparison to men, women are relatively less often single inventors or designers and more often members of inventor or designer teams.
PublisherAkademiai Kiado Rt.
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