The Austrian biodiversity monitoring “ÖBM Kulturlandschaft” and a unified biodiversity number for trend assessments
Schindler, S., Zulka, K. P., Banko, G., Moser, D., Grillmayer, R., Rabitsch, W., Essl, F., Paternoster, D., Staudinger, M., Zuna-Kratky, T., Gallmetzer, N., Pascher, K. and Stejskal-Tiefenbach, M. (2018). The Austrian biodiversity monitoring “ÖBM Kulturlandschaft” and a unified biodiversity number for trend assessments. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107575
© the Authors, 2018
The Austrian biodiversity monitoring ÖBM-Kulturlandschaft has a focus on habitat and species diversity in Austrian cultural landscapes (including alpine pastures) and started in the year 2017. The stratified random selection of the sampling sites is based on the 1 km² grid of Statistics Austria. A minimum of 50% of agricultural area within the 1 km² was the limit for considering a grid cell; 100 nested sampling plots are arranged hierarchically (i) remote sensing based landscape survey: 3 x 3 km² - landscape plots, (ii) habitat mapping: 625 m x 625 m test areas; and (iii) per test area: 10 test circles for surveys of vascular plants, grasshoppers and butterflies. A rolling (staggered) survey is planned: in the first year of the survey, half of the 100 sampling plots have been covered, in the second survey year the remaining half of the sampling plots. The repetition of surveys should take place every three to five years. Remote sensing data will be applied within the framework of ÖBM-Kulturlandschaft at three different levels: (i) phenological characterizations of the habitat types within the 625 m x 625 m sampling plots, (ii) detection of changes in ecosystem functions (e.g. NDVI) and ecosystem structure (e.g. land cover) around the sampling plots at 3x3 km² and (iii) nation-wide analysis of land cover change with the COPERNICUS products available for the entire EU. The recording of habitat types is based on the red lists published by the Environment Agency Austria. Regarding organismic groups, the survey methods are closely aligned with those applied in the monitoring project Biodiversity-Nature-Safety (BINATS; Pascher et al. 2011) that focusses on maize and oilseed rape cultivation areas and it is planned to merge data from BINATS and ÖBM-Kulturlandschaft to provide overall results for the Austrian cultural landscapes. Vascular plants, grasshoppers and butterflies were chosen mainly for being optimal surrogates for overall biodiversity, suppliers of ecosystem services, and/or due to practical advantages in surveying. Preliminary results from 2017 are that 69 species of grasshoppers (49% of Austrian species; n = 48 test areas) and 103 species of butterflies (48%, n=49) were detected. Average species richness was 10.6±4.6 for grasshoppers and 10.5±4.7 for butterflies per test area, and 3.9±2.9 for grasshoppers and 2.8±2.2 for butterflies per test circles. A novel method for biodiversity accounting will be used to summarise the population change results of all species obtained during monitoring. With this method, measured population change results are weighted by the species’ Red List category at the national and international scale and its dependence on the monitoring area (determined by habitat requirements and total range). References: K Pascher et al (2011) Setup, efforts and practical experiences of a monitoring program for genetically modified plants - an Austrian case study for oilseed rape and maize. Env Sci Eur 23:12 ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
How are we monitoring biodiversity? Indicators for evaluating and benchmarking species and habitat monitoring programmes in Europe Szabolcs, Márton; Lengyel, Szabolcs; Kosztyi, Beatrix; Schmeller, Dirk; Henry, Pierre-Yves; Kotarac, Mladen; Lin, Yu-Pin; Henle, Klaus (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)The monitoring of species and habitats is essential to biodiversity conservation. Although guidelines for biodiversity monitoring have been published since at least 1920, we know little on current practices in existing ...
Monitoring satellite remote sensing essential biodiversity variables to guide management in the Spanish National Park Network Cabello, Javier; Alcaraz-Segura, Domingo; Reyes, Andrés; Requena-Mullor, Juan M.; Bonache, Jorge; Castaños, Javier; Yagüe, Daniel; Serrada, Jesús (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Based on the use of Satellite Remote Sensing - Essential Biodiversity Variables (SRS-EBVs), we developed a monitoring system (REMOTE) to guide management in the Spanish National Park Network. REMOTE is based on the analysis ...
Navarro, Laetitia; Fernández, Néstor; Pereira, Henrique (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)The agreement on the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN Agenda 2030, and the establishment of the Intergovernmental Platform ...
Hofer, Gabriela; Franklin, Janet; Herzog, Felix (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Agriculture is one of the main causes for the strong declines in biodiversity over the last decades. To protect and promote farmland biodiversity effectively, politicians and farmers need information about the status and ...
Schieck, Jim; Herbers, Jim; Narwani, Tara; Kariyeva, Jahan; Iravani, Majid (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Due to its significant natural resource wealth, the province of Alberta in western Canada has experienced rapid expansion of related industrial activities (forestry, agriculture, and oil and gas exploration and development), ...